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Mountaineering Tourism - Isbn:9781317668749

  • Book Title: Mountaineering Tourism
  • ISBN 13: 9781317668749
  • ISBN 10: 131766874X
  • Author: Ghazali Musa, James Higham, Anna Thompson- Carr
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Category (general): Business & Economics
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • Format & Number of pages: 384 pages, book
  • Synopsis: ... Tourism, 15(1): 5–27. Marion, J. L. and Wimpey, J. (2007) 'Environmental impacts of mountain biking: Science review and best ... Online, available at: www. nps.gov/acad/planyourvisit/climbmgtplan.htm (accessed 3 July 2014). National Park ...

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ISBN: 0888644566 - Mapper Of Mountains: M

Mapper Of Mountains: M.P. Bridgland In The Canadian Rockies, 1902-1930 (Mountain Cairns)

Mapper of Mountains follows the career of Dominion Land Surveyor Morrison Parsons Bridgland, who provided the first detailed maps of many regions of the Canadian Rockies. Between 1902 and 1930, this unheralded alpinist perfected phototopographical techniques to compile a series of mountaintop photographs during summers of field work, and spent his winters collating them to provide the Canadian government, tourists, and mountain climbers with accurate topographical maps. Bridgland was a great climber and co-founder of the Alpine Club of Canada. Mapper of Mountains also tells the story of the Rocky Mountain Repeat Photography Project, which studies the changes sustained in the Rockies, repeating the field work accomplished by Bridgland almost a century ago.




Wiki: Normal route

A normal route or normal way (Voie Normale; Normalweg) is the most frequently used route for ascending and descending a mountain peak. It is usually the simplest route. route" summit mountain&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yNWKU7HbHoieO-zqgZAL&ved=0CEIQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q="normal route" summit mountain&f=false ''The Mountain Encyclopedia" by Frederic Hartemann and Robert Hauptman (2005). Accessed on 1 Jun 2014.

In the Alps, routes are classed in the following ways, based on their waymarking, construction and upkeep:
  • ( Fußwege )
  • ( Wanderwege )
  • ( Bergwege )
  • ( Alpine Routen )
  • ( Kletterrouten ) and High Alpine routes ( Hochalpine Routen ) in combined rock and ice terrain, ( UIAA ) graded by difficulty
Sometimes the normal route is not the easiest ascent to the summit, but just the one that is most used. There may be technically easier variations. This is especially the case on the Watzmannfrau, the Hochkalter and also Mount Everest. There may be many reasons these easier options are less well-used:
  • the simplest route is less well known than the normal route (Watzmannfrau).
  • the technically easiest route is more arduous than another (e.g. due to rubble) and is therefore mainly used on the descent (Hochkalter).
  • the technically easiest route carries a much higher risk of e.g. rockfalls or avalanche and is therefore avoided in favour of a more difficult route ( Watzespitze ).
  • the technically easier route requires a complicated or long approach march, or all access may be banned via one country (Mount Everest).

The term Tourist Route may sometime be applied (irrespective of the level of difficulty of ascent) by those wishing to suggest that other routes up a mountain are somehow more 'worthy'. This belittling of the 'normal route' therefore maintains a distinction between those perceiving themselves as serious mountaineers who disparage the incursion of tourist climbers into their domain (hence the term the 'Yak Route' on Mount Everest).



The Views of Greek Mountain Travelers on Mountain Tourism During Summertime: A Questionnaire Web-Based Analysis

The Views of Greek Mountain Travelers on Mountain Tourism During Summertime: A Questionnaire Web-Based Analysis

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Almost 78 % of Greece is mountainous, with uniquely beautiful landscapes, rich culture and warm hospitality. Local wintertime tourism, which has traditionally been a strong pillar for the economies of mountainous areas, could decrease significantly in the future, due to economic crisis, but also due to decreased snow coverage according to the predicted climate trends for the coming years. This paper is based on the idea to address the crisis in the mountainous areas of Greece, and ski destinations in particular, by an all-year model of operation that could alleviate seasonality (at least in part) and yield important social and financial benefits for the local communities. Our thesis is motivated by successful summer-tourism practices of ski centers around the word. Are Greek people actually willing to visit ski destinations after the short ski season, and if so what are their preferences on possible activities, services and facilities in ski centers (assuming they would operate all year long)? To answer such questions, we created a self-administered, web-based questionnaire that was circulated to the public via e-mail and social media for a period of one month. About 460 people, most of them fans of the Greek mountains, completed the questionnaire. We present and discuss data collected and analyzed, focusing on the participants’ preferences on possible activities, services and organizational aspects of mountain tourism during summertime.


Visitor preferences Summer mountain tourism Ski centers Greece


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About this Chapter Title The Views of Greek Mountain Travelers on Mountain Tourism During Summertime: A Questionnaire Web-Based Analysis Book Title Cultural Tourism in a Digital Era Book Subtitle First International Conference IACuDiT, Athens, 2014 Book Part Part I Pages pp 3-25 Copyright 2015 DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-15859-4_1 Print ISBN 978-3-319-15858-7 Online ISBN 978-3-319-15859-4 Series Title Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics Series ISSN 2198-7246 Publisher Springer International Publishing Copyright Holder Springer International Publishing Switzerland Additional Links
  • About this Book
  • Marketing
  • Regional and Cultural Studies
  • Sociology of Culture
  • Computer Appl. in Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • e-Commerce/e-business
  • Visitor preferences
  • Summer mountain tourism
  • Ski centers
  • Greece
Industry Sectors
  • Automotive
  • Consumer Packaged Goods
eBook Packages
  • Business and Economics
  • Vicky Katsoni (1)
Editor Affiliations
  • 1. Technological Educational Institute
  • Natali Dologlou (2)
  • Vaios Kotsios (2)
Author Affiliations
  • 2. Metsovion Interdisciplinary Research Center, National Technical University of Athens, Patission 42, 10682, Athens, Greece
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Mountaineering Tourism

In May 1993 the British Mountaineering Council met to discuss the future of high altitude tourism. Of concern to attendees were reports of queues on Everest and reference was made to mountaineer Peter Boardman calling Everest an ‘amphitheater of the ego’. Issues raised included environmental and social responsibility and regulations to minimize impacts. In the years that have followed there has been a surge of interest in climbing Everest, with one day in 2012 seeing 234 climbers reach the summit. Participation in mountaineering tourism has surely escalated beyond the imagination of those who attended the meeting 20 years ago.

This book provides a critical and comprehensive analysis of all pertinent aspects and issues related to the development and the management of the growth area of mountaineering tourism. By doing so it explores the meaning of adventure and special reference to mountain-based adventure, the delivering of adventure experience and adventure learning and education. It further introduces examples of settings (alpine environments) where a general management framework could be applied as a baseline approach in mountaineering tourism development. Along with this general management framework, the book draws evidence from case studies derived from various mountaineering tourism development contexts worldwide, to highlight the diversity and uniqueness of management approaches, policies and practices.

Written by leading academics from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, this insightful book will provide students, researchers and academics with a better understanding of the unique aspects of tourism management and development of this growing form of adventure tourism across the world.

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Mountaineering and tourism - North

Mountaineering and tourism

"Activity holidays" have for some time been a very popular part of the tourist industry in Montenegro. Mountaineering and everything that goes with this sport seems to be sparking a lot of interest lately.
Montenegro has committed itself to eco-tourism and is striving to provide a competitive vacation alternatives for European visitors. Recently fifty Greek mountaineers recently spent ten days visiting the Bay of Kotor, Njegusi and Durmitor, as a prelude to the conference "Mountaineering and Tourism" organized at the initiative of the"Subra" Mountaineering Society. "The intention of this conference was to enhance interests of foreign tourists by offering rare and unique attractions. Impressions of the Greek mountaineers who visited recently were quite positive. We will endeavor with the help of tourist ambassadors to make the most out of what we have and to combine business and pleasure. In our opinion, there is a high likelihood that some of our plans will come to life in the near future, but we will atempt to raise the stakes and make this project a matter of national consideration", said Brano Perovic, president of the Montenegrin Mountaineering Association.

He also added that his organization was already working on a mountaineering guide to Montenegro which will soon be published, covering all the main mountains of the country which will be a first class handbook both for local nature-lovers and for all foreign visitors: "Besides this the Montenegrin Mountaineering Association together with the Green movement is getting involved in the concept of sustainable development: 7 days in the Montenegrin mountains, which begins in the Kuci mountains and finishes in Zabljak. One of the countries that is being mentioned a lot at the moment is Costa Rica which has adopted and implemented a sustainable development project relating to tourism which has generated a considerable income", concluded Perovic.

Of course in order to fully implement this initiative it is necessary to involve many other parties apart from mountaineers, first and foremost the tourist industry who would then have more to offer the public. The fact that this idea has fallen on fertile ground is confirmed by the presence of representatives of the tourist industry from Dubrovnik, Kotor and Herceg Novi, and their impressions give rise to optimism right from the start of the implementation of this project: "I am delighted with what I have heard at this meeting and with the specialized knowledge of the participants. This will make up for something that is missing in Montenegro and which is very popular across the world - activity holidays with as varied a program of activities as possible for which we have an exceptional potential. The Tourist Association in Kotor has already made an agreement with the 'Subra' mountaineering Society and extended offered range of activities and although this is a humble beginning we need to aim to produce a combined regional project, because if we work together within the Bay of Kotor, the whole region can compete much more effectively in the tourism market", explained Rade Coso the director of the Kotor Tourist Centre.

Of course such a project would never get off the ground without a someone who belongs both to the tourist industry and mountaineering, Zeljko Franic. Zeljko is the owner of the DAS travel agency from Dubrovnik and has been a mountaineer for fifty years since his father took him to Orjen at the age of 3, and when he fell in love with the mountain and with mountaineering. "I set out to make Orjen part of the future of tourism. We have already made a start, albeit sporadically, with jeep safaris, and from the 15th May we will be offering a full range of activities. Each day two groups will leave from Dubrovnik and from the Bay of Kotor to Vrbanj by minibuses and jeeps, and there will be organized mountain walks and the other activities which go with them. We will provide organically grown food, bought directly from producers in Vrbanj and Krusevice, where you can still find houses where the fireplace is in the middle of the house, which is also an attraction for tourists. My father built the Dubrovnik Mountaineering Cabin in Vrbanj and I really love this mountain and I want to help the people who live there to use what they have in the best possible way. " said Franic.



Mountain Based Adventure Tourism

LAP Lambert Academic Publishing ( 2010-03-10 )

As the global industry of tourism evolves, a prominent niche market that is experiencing exponential growth is adventure tourism. This sector places a particular emphasis upon the accumulation of symbolic capital – most obviously in the way it connects culturally diffuse ideas of adventure, wildness and travel. This departure from convention demands a different framework of investigation to existing tourism theory. This book is concerned with understanding the way people enter into a commodity exchange process that generates forms of ‘capital'' which provide the building blocks of identity formation. The analysis draws on ethnographic data to illuminate the complexity of identity formation in mountaineering whereby existing traditional values are challenged by the influx of people whose currency allows them to by-pass established protocols of mountaineering apprenticeship. Understanding these fluid and dynamic social processes should be of particular interest to adventure tour operators but also anyone interested in the relationship between sport, physical activity, lifestyle and identity.

Book Details:



Adventure Tourism - 1st Edition ISBN: 9780750651868

Adventure Tourism Description

Looking at the past, present and future of adventure tourism, Adventure Tourism: the new frontier examines the product, the adventure tourist profile, and issues such as supply, geography and sustainability. International case studies are used to illustrate these issues, including: Gorilla watching holidays,Trekking on Mount Everest, Diving holidays, and Outward Bound packages.

Analysis of the development and nature of adventure tourism accompanies these studies, ensuring that the title is useful both for undergraduate and postgraduate students of tourism and for professionals involved in managing adventure tourism enterprises.

There is also a companion website with additional cases, which can be found at www.bh/com/companions/0750651865.

Key Features
  • International case studies, including wilderness tourism in Siberia, rock-climbing based tourism in Spain and mountain tourism in Greece
  • Unique treatment of the subject
  • A respected team of authors

Senior undergraduate students taking electives in Adventure Tourism as part of Tourism and Leisure degrees. Postgraduate programmes in ecotourism and adventure tourism courses. Professionals involved in managing adventure tourism enterprises.

Table of Contents

Introduction; The historical development of adventure tourism; The sources of adventure; The milieu of adventure tourism; Outdoor adventure and management training; Artificial environments for adventure tourism; Mental adventure tourism; The adventure tourist; The supply side of adventure tourism; The geography of adventure tourism; The impacts of adventure tourism; Topical issues and the future of adventure tourism; Case studies.


No. of pages: 368 Language: English Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2003

Published: 7th April 2003 Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann Paperback ISBN: 9780750651868


"'Adventure Tourism: The new frontier' is an essential introduction to the adventure tourism sector for both tertiary students of tourism and professionals working in the tourism industry, as it offers a unique analysis of this fast expanding niche sector. The book will prove accessible to its non-academic audience, while providng a useful reference and first port of call for those researching in this sector and a textbook for tourism academics teaching undergraduate or postgraduate courses in this area." -Tim Bentley, Department of International Business Massey, Aukland, New Zealand ". provides a much needed analysis of this expanding sector of the international tourism market, and is a useful compliation of current knowledge and thought in this area." - Tourism Management

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Tourism types

About 30% of Bulgaria is mountainous. The country’s mountains are exceptionally diverse in relief and offer abundant options for relaxation, along with sports and entertainment for tourists, since conditions are exceptionally conducive for tourism in both winter and summer. The ski season in the medium high and the alpine resorts last about 130 days each year, while during the summer months enthusiasts may hike in centuries-old forests. The numerous hotels and the recreation centers provide accommodations for a wide variety of tastes and preferences.

The Balkan Mountains are the longest range in Bulgaria. They are also known simply as the Balkans, the source of the name for the entire peninsula. It divides the country into two parts – north and south. The Balkan Mountains are famous for their numerous mountain routes. The highest peak in The Balkans is Botev (2,376 meters above sea level). Excellent conditions for mountaineering, skiing, and spa tourism are to be found in Berkovitsa, Ribaritsa, Belogradchik, Beklemeto, Uzana, Karandila, Chiprovtsi, Varshets, Troyan, Teteven, Apriltsi, Tryavna, Elena, Kotel, Zheravna, Bozhentsi, and many other locations in the Balkanss. Tourists may also visit the monasteries located in the mountains – the strongholds of Bulgarian Orthodoxy. In close proximity and parallel to the Balkan Mountains lies the second longest mountain range in Bulgaria – the Sredna Gora.

The mountains Rila and Pirin are alpine, characterized by steep ridges, high peaks, deep valleys, and gorges. The highest peak in Bulgaria and on the Balkan Peninsula is located in the Rila Mountains – Mount Musala (2,925 m). Here is located one of Bulgaria’s landmarks – the seven glacial lakes that are located at an altitude of 2,095 m to 2,535 m. The largest resort in the Rila range is Borovets. It possesses excellent ski runs and mountain hotels. Unique opportunities for combining hiking, skiing and spa tourism are also offered in Panichishte and at Sapareva Banya. The ski centers of Malyovitsa, Semkovo and Govedartsi are also very popular with tourists.

More excellent opportunities for hiking and skiing are offered in the Pirin Mountains, widely admired for their alpine beauty. Here are located the resorts of Bansko, Dobrinishte, and Predela; along with the Popovi Livadi and Kamenitsa lodges, among other destinations. The resort of Bansko has developed into a resort of European and global importance, and during the past few years it has host a number of World Cup competitions in both alpine skiing and biathlon. It offers impressive ski runs, a plethora of hotels and pensions, and the renowned Pirin cuisine. Dobrinishte and the holiday complexes in the locality of Predela also offer opportunities for relaxation and many types of entertainment. The second highest peak in Bulgaria and the third on the Balkan Peninsula is also located in the Pirin range – Mount Vihren (2,914 meters above sea level). The national park Pirin is included in the UNESCO list of natural heritage sites.

The Rhodope Mountains, known as the home of Orpheus, is divided into the alpine western part and the lower eastern part. The highest resort here is Pamporovo, located in a densely forested area, boasting skiing that rivals Bulgaria’s other premier winter resorts. Other options for recreation are to be found in nearby Chepelare, Yundola, Belmeken, Batak and Byala Cherkva. Tourists can enjoy the unique traditional architecture of the Rhodope villages Momchilovtsi, Gela, Dolen, Leshten, Kovachevitsa, Shiroka Laka, among many others, and sample traditional Rhodope dishes. The Rhodope Mountains are dotted with lodges that offer comfortable accommodations for hikers. The highest peak in the Rhodopes is Golyam Perelik (2,191 meters above sea level).

Mount Vitosha is located in close proximity to the nation’s capital, Sofia. With its beautiful natural setting and numerous well-marked hiking trails, and cultural landmarks, it is excellent for mountain ecotourism. The mountain also is the site of the oldest natural park on the Balkan Peninsula, the Vitosha Nature Reserve. There are two ski areas on the mountain, Aleko and Konyarnika, both of which offer excellent conditions for skiing and snowboarding during the winter months. The highest peak is Cherni Vrah (2,290 meters above sea level).

In the Osogovska Mountains there are also opportunities for skiing at “Lyudmil Yankov”, and in the northeastern part of the range is the ski area “Valchi Dol”. The highest peak in this region is Ruen (2,251 meters above sea level).

The Belasitsa Mountains offer exceptional mountain hiking. There are two lodges that welcome tourists. The highest peak is Radomir (2,029 meters above sea level).

Strandzha is distinct from the other Bulgarian mountains, since its peaks are much lower and its climate milder. Strandzha is home to a wide range of flora and fauna.

The mountains in Bulgaria are hospitable all year long, but it must be remembered added that in order to enjoy their beauty visitors need to come well prepared, which includes obtaining information about the routes they plan to use and the meteorological conditions. Visitors should also act responsibly, so as to preserve the pristine beauty of Bulgaria’s majestic mountains.

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The contents of this page is created within the framework of the project entitled “Multimedia Catalogue of Tourist Sites and Electronic Marketing of Destination Bulgaria”, Contract No BG161PO001/3.3-01/2008 /001-5, which is performed with the financial support of Operative Program “Regional Development” 2007 – 2013, co-financed by the European Union through the European Regional Development Fund. The entire responsibility for the contents of the page is brought by the beneficiary – The Ministry of Economy, Energy and Tourism, and under no circumstances it can be considered that this page presents the official position of the European Union and the Managing Body.



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