Ebooks for you

Mountaineering Tourism - Isbn:9781317668749

  • Book Title: Mountaineering Tourism
  • ISBN 13: 9781317668749
  • ISBN 10: 131766874X
  • Author: Ghazali Musa, James Higham, Anna Thompson- Carr
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Category (general): Business & Economics
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • Format & Number of pages: 384 pages, book
  • Synopsis: ... Tourism, 15(1): 5–27. Marion, J. L. and Wimpey, J. (2007) 'Environmental impacts of mountain biking: Science review and best ... Online, available at: www. nps.gov/acad/planyourvisit/climbmgtplan.htm (accessed 3 July 2014). National Park ...

Another description

ISBN: 0888644566 - Mapper Of Mountains: M

Mapper Of Mountains: M.P. Bridgland In The Canadian Rockies, 1902-1930 (Mountain Cairns)

Mapper of Mountains follows the career of Dominion Land Surveyor Morrison Parsons Bridgland, who provided the first detailed maps of many regions of the Canadian Rockies. Between 1902 and 1930, this unheralded alpinist perfected phototopographical techniques to compile a series of mountaintop photographs during summers of field work, and spent his winters collating them to provide the Canadian government, tourists, and mountain climbers with accurate topographical maps. Bridgland was a great climber and co-founder of the Alpine Club of Canada. Mapper of Mountains also tells the story of the Rocky Mountain Repeat Photography Project, which studies the changes sustained in the Rockies, repeating the field work accomplished by Bridgland almost a century ago.

Source:

www.openisbn.com

Articles

Wiki: Normal route

A normal route or normal way (Voie Normale; Normalweg) is the most frequently used route for ascending and descending a mountain peak. It is usually the simplest route. route" summit mountain&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yNWKU7HbHoieO-zqgZAL&ved=0CEIQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q="normal route" summit mountain&f=false ''The Mountain Encyclopedia" by Frederic Hartemann and Robert Hauptman (2005). Accessed on 1 Jun 2014.

In the Alps, routes are classed in the following ways, based on their waymarking, construction and upkeep:
  • ( Fußwege )
  • ( Wanderwege )
  • ( Bergwege )
  • ( Alpine Routen )
  • ( Kletterrouten ) and High Alpine routes ( Hochalpine Routen ) in combined rock and ice terrain, ( UIAA ) graded by difficulty
Sometimes the normal route is not the easiest ascent to the summit, but just the one that is most used. There may be technically easier variations. This is especially the case on the Watzmannfrau, the Hochkalter and also Mount Everest. There may be many reasons these easier options are less well-used:
  • the simplest route is less well known than the normal route (Watzmannfrau).
  • the technically easiest route is more arduous than another (e.g. due to rubble) and is therefore mainly used on the descent (Hochkalter).
  • the technically easiest route carries a much higher risk of e.g. rockfalls or avalanche and is therefore avoided in favour of a more difficult route ( Watzespitze ).
  • the technically easier route requires a complicated or long approach march, or all access may be banned via one country (Mount Everest).

The term Tourist Route may sometime be applied (irrespective of the level of difficulty of ascent) by those wishing to suggest that other routes up a mountain are somehow more 'worthy'. This belittling of the 'normal route' therefore maintains a distinction between those perceiving themselves as serious mountaineers who disparage the incursion of tourist climbers into their domain (hence the term the 'Yak Route' on Mount Everest).

Source:

www.upcscavenger.com

The Views of Greek Mountain Travelers on Mountain Tourism During Summertime: A Questionnaire Web-Based Analysis

The Views of Greek Mountain Travelers on Mountain Tourism During Summertime: A Questionnaire Web-Based Analysis

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Abstract

Almost 78 % of Greece is mountainous, with uniquely beautiful landscapes, rich culture and warm hospitality. Local wintertime tourism, which has traditionally been a strong pillar for the economies of mountainous areas, could decrease significantly in the future, due to economic crisis, but also due to decreased snow coverage according to the predicted climate trends for the coming years. This paper is based on the idea to address the crisis in the mountainous areas of Greece, and ski destinations in particular, by an all-year model of operation that could alleviate seasonality (at least in part) and yield important social and financial benefits for the local communities. Our thesis is motivated by successful summer-tourism practices of ski centers around the word. Are Greek people actually willing to visit ski destinations after the short ski season, and if so what are their preferences on possible activities, services and facilities in ski centers (assuming they would operate all year long)? To answer such questions, we created a self-administered, web-based questionnaire that was circulated to the public via e-mail and social media for a period of one month. About 460 people, most of them fans of the Greek mountains, completed the questionnaire. We present and discuss data collected and analyzed, focusing on the participants’ preferences on possible activities, services and organizational aspects of mountain tourism during summertime.

Keywords

Visitor preferences Summer mountain tourism Ski centers Greece

References

Anastasiou, S. & Alexiou, S. P. (2001). Prospects and directions of alternative tourism activities in Greece. Tourism, 49 (1), 47–52.

Andronikidis, A. Cassiliadis, C. Priporas, C. & Kamenidou, I. (2006). Examining leisure constraints for ski center visitors: Implications for services marketing. Journal of Hospitality and Leisure Marketing, 15 (4), 69–86. CrossRef

Aptoglou, J. (2007). Η ανάπτυξη και η ορθολογική διαχείριση του οικοτουρισμού στις προστατευόμενες περιοχές. Η περίπτωση των περιοχών Natura 2000 της Ελατιάς και του Φρακτού στο Νομό Δράμας. (Ecotourism Development and Management in Protected Areas: Case study on the Natura 2000 areas of Elatia and Fracto, Drama). Μεταπτυχιακή Διατριβή. Διατμηματικό Πρόγραμμα Μεταπτυχιακών Σπουδών στις Περιβαλλοντικές Επιστήμες Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών Τμήμα Βιολογίας, Πάτρα. http://​hdl.​handle.​net/​10889/​1008#sthash.​NmSR7CnL.​dpuf

Arseneault, P. (2014). Le tourism de montagne: tendances et bonnes pratiques en Amerique du Nord. UN world tourism organization 2014, 8th snow and mountain tourism world congress. April 9–10, 2014, Andorra, p. 14. Retrieved from http://​www.​congresdeneu.​ad/​docs/​pdf/​UNWTO_​mountainlikers_​2014_​Paul_​Arseneault.​pdf. Accessed the April 28, 2014, at 09.30.

Avourdiadou, S. Alexandris, K. & Kouthouris, C. H. (2007). Perceived constraints on recreational skiing participation. Differences in the perception of constraints among different demographic groups and the participation frequency. Hellenic Journal of Sport and Recreation Management, 4 (2), 2–21.

Christopoulou, O. G. & Papadopoulos, I. J. (2001). Winter tourism, development of mountainous areas and the visitors’ attitudes on the landscape protection: The Case of the Pertouli ski-center. An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research (Anatolia), 12 (2), 153–164. Retrieved from http://​www.​wfdt.​teilar.​gr/​papers/​conference/​50_​Christopoulou_​Papadopoulos_​Xionodromiko_​Pertouliou.​pdf. Accessed the April 27, 2014, at 08.42.

Cockerell, N. (1994). The international ski market in Europe. Journal Travel & Tourism Analyst, 3. 34–55.

Couper, M. P. (2000). Web surveys: A review of issues and approaches. Public Opinion Quarterly, 64. 464–494. CrossRef

Damm, A. Köberl, J. & Prettenthaler, F. (2014). Does artificial snow production pay under future climate conditions? – A case study for a vulnerable ski area in Austria. Tourism Management, 43 (2014), 8–21. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​tourman.​2014.​01.​009. CrossRef

Dawson, C. (2007). A practical guide to research methods: A user-friendly manual for mastering research techniques and projects (3rd Rev. ed.) Oxford: How To Books Ltd, p. 169. ISBN-10: 1845282302.

Dax, T. (2004). The Impact of EU policies on mountain development in Austria. At the regional studies association—International conference Europe at the margins: EU-regional policy, peripherality and rurality. April 15-16, 2004, Angers, France.

Dologlou, N. (2008). Τουρισμός σε ορεινές περιοχές. Προβλήματα – ανάγκες. Ολοκληρωμένη ανάπτυξη και οικοτουρισμός (Mountain Tourism. Problems and Requirements. Integrated Development and Ecotourism). Στη βάση δεδομένων σχετικά με τους τοπικούς πολιτισμούς των ορεινών περιοχών της Ελλάδας και την αλληλεπίδραση και αλληλεξάρτηση τους με το φυσικό ορεινό περιβάλλον, N.T.U.A. M.I.R.C. [In Greek]. Retrieved from http://​www.​ntua.​gr/​MIRC/​keimena/​Dologlou%20​-%20​Mountain%20​tourism.​pdf. Accessed the April 11, 2014, at 12.56.

Dologlou, N. (2013). Summer tourism in Greece’s Ski Stations: A proposal for eliminating seasonality and addressing the crisis in mountainous areas, motivated by summer tourism practices of ski stations around the word. Proceedings in progress of the 7th interdisciplinary interuniversity conference of the N.T.U.A. and the N.T.U.A. M.I.R.C. Integrated development of Greece in an era of multidimensional crisis. causes, responsibilities, proposals, measures, actions and perspectives. Metsovo, Greece [In Greek].

European Center for Climate Adaptation, Tourism in Austria. http://​www.​climateadaptatio​n.​eu/​austria/​en#tourism. Accessed the April 11, 2014, at 17.56.

Gouriotis, A. (2007). Η ανάπτυξη του ορεινού χώρου: το παράδειγμα εφαρμογής της Αράχωβας. (The Development of Mountainous Areas: The Use Case of Arachova). Διδακτορική Διατριβή, Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλίας Πολυτεχνική Σχολή, Τμήμα Μηχανικών Χωροταξίας, Πολεοδομίας και Περιφερειακής Ανάπτυξης.

Grèzes, V. Crettol, B. Sarrasin, N. Zumstein, M. & Perruchoud, A. (2013). Western Switzerland ski resorts marketing intelligence case study. On 1st international virtual scientific conference proceedings, pp. 96–101.

Heinrichs, A. (2002). Greece: Enchantment of the world. New York, NY: Scholastic Inc, http://​facts.​randomhistory.​com/​interesting-facts-about-greece.​html. Accessed the April 15, 2014, at 16.39.

Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT). (2013). Announcement of the demographic and social characteristics of the resident population of Greece according to the 2011: Population–Housing census, p. 19. Retrieved from http://​www.​statistics.​gr/​portal/​page/​portal/​ESYE/​BUCKET/​General/​nws_​SAM01_​EN.​PDF

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2014). 5th IPCC Report (AR5) working group 2, Chapter 23. Retrieved from http://​ipcc-wg2.​gov/​AR5/​images/​uploads/​WGIIAR5-Chap23_​FGDall.​pdf. Accessed the April 14, 2014, at 12.59.

Johnston, S. & Growcock, A, (2005).Visiting the Kosciuszko alpine area: Visitor numbers, characteristics and activities. CRC for Sustainable Tourism Pty Ltd. ISBN 1920704191, http://​www.​crctourism.​com.​au/​wms/​upload/​resources/​bookshop/​Johnston31011_​KoscAlpineVisito​rs.​pdf

Karasoulas, M. (2012). Hedonic pricing in Parnassos ski centre. Patra. Hellenic Open University, School of social Sciences, Dissertation for master in business administration, p. 198. Retrieved from http://​www.​parnassos-ski.​gr/​webtop/​modules/​_​repository/​images/​hedonicpricing.​pdf. Accessed the April 29, 2014, at 11.20.

Keller, P. F. (2012). Changing paradigm in sustainable mountain tourism: A critical analysis from a global perspective. EURAC research. Conference on changing paradigms of sustainable mountain tourism Brixen, October 25–27, 2012. Retrieved from www.​eurac.​edu/​en/​research/​institutes/​regionaldevelopm​ent/​conferences/​sustmnttourism/​Documents/​Keller.​pdf. Accessed the April 19, 2014, at 14.33.

Kelly, J. & Williams, P. W. (2007). Modeling tourism destination energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions: Whistler, British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 15 (1), 67–90. doi: 10.​2167/​jost609.​0. CrossRef

Lampropoulos, G. (2005). Άξονες ανάπτυξης εναλλακτικού τουρισμού άθλησης στην Ελλάδα. (Dimensions for the Development of Alternative and Sport Tourism in Greece). Διπλωματική Εργασία για το Μεταπτυχιακό Δίπλωμα στη Διοίκηση Επιχειρήσεων – Τουριστικών Επιχειρήσεων, Πανεπιστήμιο Πειραιώς [In Greek].

Lasanta, T. Laguna, M. & Vicente-Serrano, S. M. (2007). Do tourism-based ski resorts contribute to the homogenous development of the Mediterranean mountains? A case study in the Centre Spanish Pyrenees. Tourist Management, 28. 1326–1339. CrossRef

Liakara, Ε. (2010). Η συζήτηση για εναλλακτικές μορφές τουρισμού. (The Discussion for Alternative Forms of Tourism). Διπλωματική Μελέτη. Χαροκόπειο Πανεπιστήμιο, Τμήμα οικιακής οικονομίας και οικολογίας. Πρόγραμμα Μεταπτυχιακών Σπουδών «Βιώσιμη Ανάπτυξη» http://​estia.​hua.​gr:​8080/​dspace/​handle/​123456789/​1100 [In Greek].

Matsuo, H. McIntyre, K. P. Tomazic, T. & Katz, B. (2004). The online survey: Its contributions and potential problems. Proceedings of the survey research methods section, American Statistical Association (ASA). (pp. 3998–4000). Retrieved from http://​www.​amstat.​org/​sections/​srms/​Proceedings/​y2004/​files/​Jsm2004-000440.​pdf. Accessed the April 29, 2014, at 08.44.

Michailidou, E. & Rokos, D. (2011). Greek Mountainous Areas: The need for a worth living integrated development. Regional studies association annual international conference 2011. Regional development and policy–challenges, choices and recipients. University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, April 17–20. Retrieved from http://​www.​regionalstudies.​org/​uploads/​conferences/​presentations/​international-conference-2011/​michailidou.​pdf. Accessed the April 29, 2014, at 09.00.

Muhar, A. Schauppenlehner, T. Brandenburg, C. & Arnberger, A. (2007). Alpine summer tourism: The mountaineers’ perspective and consequences for tourism strategies in Austria. Forest Snow Landscape Research, 81 (1/2), 7–17.

National Ski Areas Association. (2013). Sustainable slopes. Annual report, NSAA. Retrieved from http://​www.​nsaa.​org/​media/​175283/​FinalAR201310101​3.​pdf. on 27 April, 2014, at 12.05.

Needham, M. D. & Little, C. M. (2013). Voluntary environmental programs at an alpine ski area: Visitor perceptions, attachment, value orientations, and specialization. Tourism Management, 35. 70–81. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​tourman.​2012.​06.​001. CrossRef

Needham, M. D. & Rollins, R. B. (2005). Interest group standards for recreation and tourism impacts at ski areas in the summer. Tourism Management, 26 (1), 1–13. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​tourman.​2003.​08.​015. CrossRef

Needham, M. D. Rollins, R. B. Ceurvorst, R. L. Wood, C. J. B. Grimm, K. E. & Dearden, P. (2011). Motivations and normative evaluations of summer visitors at an alpine ski area. Journal of Travel Research, 50 (6), 669–684. CrossRef

Needham, M. Wood, C. J. B. & Rollins, R. (2004). Understanding summer visitors and their experiences at the Whistler Mountain ski area, Canada. Mountain Research and Development, 24 (3), 234–242. doi: 10.​1659/​0276-4741(2004)024[0234:​USVATE]2.​0.​CO;2. CrossRef

Nezis, N. (2010). Τα Ελληνικά Βουνά (The Greek Mountains). Αθήνα: Ελληνική Ομοσπονδία Ορειβασίας Αναρρίχησης (ΕΟΟΑ) [in Greek].

Nordic Center for Spatial Development (NORDREGIO). (2004). Mountain areas in Europe: Analysis of mountain areas in EU member states, acceding and other European countries. European Commission contract No 2002, CE.16.0.AT.136. Final report. 2004: 1. ISBN 91-89332-35-0, pp. 271. Retrieved from http://​www.​nordregio.​se/​en/​Publications/​Publications-2004/​Mountain-areas-in-Europe/​. Accessed the April 29, at 13.29.

Nydegger, M. (2014). Re-invent Swiss summer, (Switzerland Tourism). UN world tourism organization 2014, 8th snow and mountain tourism world congress. April 9–10, 2014, Andorra.

Papadimitriou, D. & Gibson, H. (2008). Benefits sought and realized by active mountain sport tourists in Epirus, Greece: Pre- and post-trip analysis. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 13 (1), 37–60. CrossRef

Peñarroya, M. (2014). The importance of mobile applications for mountain destinations. UN world tourism organization, 8th snow and mountain tourism world congress. April 9–10, 2014, Andorra.

Preslmair, R. (2012). Austria, ministry of environment: Sustainable tourism in Austria. Conference proceeding: Ecotourism carbontour. 10-12-2012, Athens, p. 22. Retrieved from http://​uest.​ntua.​gr/​carbontour/​uploads/​proceedingsweb.​pdf. Accessed the April 29, 2014, at 13.56.

Rokos, D. (2004). The integrated development of mountainous areas. Theory and practice. Proceedings of the 3rd interdisciplinary interuniversity conference. The integrated development of mountainous areas. Theory and practice. National Technical University of Athens, Metsovion Interdisciplinary Research Center, Metsovo, June 7–10, 2001, D. Rokos (Ed.), Alternative Editions [in Greek].

Rokos, D. (2007). The integrated development of Epirus. Problems, potentials, limitations. Proceedings of the 4th interdisciplinary interuniversity conference of the N.T.U.A. and the N.T.U.A. M.I.R.C. The integrated development of Epirus, Metsovo, September 23–26, 2004 (pp. 138–153), A.A. Livanis, Athens [in Greek].

SANY. (2013). Ski areas of New York: Economic value analysis. 2012–2013 season. RRC Associates, Inc. Retrieved from http://​www.​iskiny.​com/​files/​public/​pdf/​SKI_​AREAS_​OF_​NEW_​YORK_​ECON_​Study_​FINAL.​pdf. Accessed the April 29, 2014, at 18.42.

Scott, D. & McBoyle, G. (2007). Climate change adaptation in the ski industry. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12. 1411–1431. doi: 10.​1007/​s11027-006-9071-4. CrossRef

Scott, D. & Steiger, R. (2013). Vulnerability of the Ski Industry. In R. Pielke (Ed.), Climate vulnerability: Understanding and addressing threats to essential resources (pp. 305–313). Oxford: Academic Press. CrossRef

Siomkos, G. Vassiliadis, C. & Lathiras, P. (2006). Measuring customer preferences in the winter sports market: The case of Greece. Journal of Targeting, Measurement and Analysis for Marketing, 14 (2), 129–140. doi: 10.​1057/​palgrave.​jt.​5740175. CrossRef

Ski Area Management. (2011). Summer in the mountains. Vol. 50, No. 3, May 2011, pp. 46–47.

Svoronou, E. (2003). Methods for ecotourism and tourism management in protected areas. Hellenic, Ministry for the environment physical planning & public works–WWF Greece, Athens. ΙSBN 960-7284-16-X [in Greek].

Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). (2012). Swiss mountainous areas under pressure. Swiss Fact Sheet: RIO +20 (no. 2, 2012), p. 3, http://​www.​scnat.​ch/​downloads/​Factsheet_​Mountains_​English.​pdf

Theocharopoulos, D. & Matthopoulos, D. (2012). Αναπτυξιακός σχεδιασμός με έμφαση στον ορεινό τουρισμό. (Developmental Planning with Emphasis on Mountain Tourism). Η περίπτωση της Ορεινής Φωκίδας. 17 Ο Επιστημονικό Συνέδριο Το μέλλον του Αναπτυξιακού και Χωροταξικού Σχεδιασμού της Ελλάδας. ΣΕΠ-ΠΣΕ-ΕΜΠ-ΚΠΕ-RSIJ. pp. 469–488 [In Greek].

Thomas, P. Triandos, P. & Russell, R. (2005). Visitor monitoring in mountain parks and resorts: Summer mountain tourism, Vicroria. Gold Coast, Qld. Sustainable Tourism CRC, c2005. ISBN 1-920704-61-2. Retrieved from http://​www.​crctourism.​com.​au/​wms/​upload/​resources/​31012%20​Thomas_​VisitorsMtnPks-Vic.​pdf. Accessed the April 29, 2014, at 12.25.

Tsiotsou. R. (2006). Using visit frequency to segment ski resorts customers. Journal of Vacation Marketing. 12 (1), 15–26. Retrieved from http://​users.​uom.​gr/​

rtsiotsou/​pubs/​pub10.​pdf. Accessed the April11, 2014, at 15.42.

UNEP. (2007). Tourism and mountains. A practical guide to managing the environmental and social impacts of mountain tours. A practical guide to good practice, United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved from http://​www.​conservation.​org/​Documents/​CI_​ecotourism_​practical_​guide_​to_​managing_​the_​environmental_​and_​social_​impacts_​of_​mountain_​tours.​pdf. Accessed the April 11, 2014, at 15:24.

Vassiliadis, C. A. Priporas, C. V. & Andronikidis, A. (2013). An analysis of visit behavior using time blocks: A study of ski destinations in Greece. Tourist Management, 34 (2013), 61–70. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​tourman.​2012.​03.​013. CrossRef

Virgil, N. (2008). Mountain environment and tourism. A European model for sustainable development. International Business and European Integration XVII, 1. 417.

Zampetaki, Ζ. (2012). Στρατηγικές ανάπτυξης του χειμερινού τουριστικού προϊόντος. Η περίπτωση των Χιονοδρομικών Κέντρων της Ελλάδος. (Strategies for the Development of the Winter Tourism Product. The case of Greece’s Ski Centers). Διπλωματική Εργασία. Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας. Διατμηματικό Πρόγραμμα Μεταπτυχιακών Σπουδών στη Διοίκηση Επιχειρήσεων, Εξειδίκευση Μάρκετινγκ. [in Greek], https://​dspace.​lib.​uom.​gr/​bitstream/​2159/​15151/​7/​ZampetakiZakelin​aMsc2012.​pdf

About this Chapter Title The Views of Greek Mountain Travelers on Mountain Tourism During Summertime: A Questionnaire Web-Based Analysis Book Title Cultural Tourism in a Digital Era Book Subtitle First International Conference IACuDiT, Athens, 2014 Book Part Part I Pages pp 3-25 Copyright 2015 DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-15859-4_1 Print ISBN 978-3-319-15858-7 Online ISBN 978-3-319-15859-4 Series Title Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics Series ISSN 2198-7246 Publisher Springer International Publishing Copyright Holder Springer International Publishing Switzerland Additional Links
  • About this Book
Topics
  • Marketing
  • Regional and Cultural Studies
  • Sociology of Culture
  • Computer Appl. in Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • e-Commerce/e-business
Keywords
  • Visitor preferences
  • Summer mountain tourism
  • Ski centers
  • Greece
Industry Sectors
  • Automotive
  • Consumer Packaged Goods
eBook Packages
  • Business and Economics
Editors
  • Vicky Katsoni (1)
Editor Affiliations
  • 1. Technological Educational Institute
Authors
  • Natali Dologlou (2)
  • Vaios Kotsios (2)
Author Affiliations
  • 2. Metsovion Interdisciplinary Research Center, National Technical University of Athens, Patission 42, 10682, Athens, Greece
Continue reading.

To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.

Source:

link.springer.com

Mountaineering Tourism

In May 1993 the British Mountaineering Council met to discuss the future of high altitude tourism. Of concern to attendees were reports of queues on Everest and reference was made to mountaineer Peter Boardman calling Everest an ‘amphitheater of the ego’. Issues raised included environmental and social responsibility and regulations to minimize impacts. In the years that have followed there has been a surge of interest in climbing Everest, with one day in 2012 seeing 234 climbers reach the summit. Participation in mountaineering tourism has surely escalated beyond the imagination of those who attended the meeting 20 years ago.

This book provides a critical and comprehensive analysis of all pertinent aspects and issues related to the development and the management of the growth area of mountaineering tourism. By doing so it explores the meaning of adventure and special reference to mountain-based adventure, the delivering of adventure experience and adventure learning and education. It further introduces examples of settings (alpine environments) where a general management framework could be applied as a baseline approach in mountaineering tourism development. Along with this general management framework, the book draws evidence from case studies derived from various mountaineering tourism development contexts worldwide, to highlight the diversity and uniqueness of management approaches, policies and practices.

Written by leading academics from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, this insightful book will provide students, researchers and academics with a better understanding of the unique aspects of tourism management and development of this growing form of adventure tourism across the world.

  • © Copyright 2000-2016 Doğan Müzik Kitap Mağazacılık ve Pazarlama A.Ş. Tüm hakları saklıdır.
  • Bilgi Toplumu Hizmetleri

Tarayıcınızın javascripti kapalıdır! Javascript kapalı iken siteyi verimli kullanmanız mümkün değildir. Lütfen tarayıcınızın javascriptini etkinleştiriniz.

Source:

www.dr.com.tr

Mountaineering and tourism - North

Mountaineering and tourism

"Activity holidays" have for some time been a very popular part of the tourist industry in Montenegro. Mountaineering and everything that goes with this sport seems to be sparking a lot of interest lately.
Montenegro has committed itself to eco-tourism and is striving to provide a competitive vacation alternatives for European visitors. Recently fifty Greek mountaineers recently spent ten days visiting the Bay of Kotor, Njegusi and Durmitor, as a prelude to the conference "Mountaineering and Tourism" organized at the initiative of the"Subra" Mountaineering Society. "The intention of this conference was to enhance interests of foreign tourists by offering rare and unique attractions. Impressions of the Greek mountaineers who visited recently were quite positive. We will endeavor with the help of tourist ambassadors to make the most out of what we have and to combine business and pleasure. In our opinion, there is a high likelihood that some of our plans will come to life in the near future, but we will atempt to raise the stakes and make this project a matter of national consideration", said Brano Perovic, president of the Montenegrin Mountaineering Association.

He also added that his organization was already working on a mountaineering guide to Montenegro which will soon be published, covering all the main mountains of the country which will be a first class handbook both for local nature-lovers and for all foreign visitors: "Besides this the Montenegrin Mountaineering Association together with the Green movement is getting involved in the concept of sustainable development: 7 days in the Montenegrin mountains, which begins in the Kuci mountains and finishes in Zabljak. One of the countries that is being mentioned a lot at the moment is Costa Rica which has adopted and implemented a sustainable development project relating to tourism which has generated a considerable income", concluded Perovic.

Of course in order to fully implement this initiative it is necessary to involve many other parties apart from mountaineers, first and foremost the tourist industry who would then have more to offer the public. The fact that this idea has fallen on fertile ground is confirmed by the presence of representatives of the tourist industry from Dubrovnik, Kotor and Herceg Novi, and their impressions give rise to optimism right from the start of the implementation of this project: "I am delighted with what I have heard at this meeting and with the specialized knowledge of the participants. This will make up for something that is missing in Montenegro and which is very popular across the world - activity holidays with as varied a program of activities as possible for which we have an exceptional potential. The Tourist Association in Kotor has already made an agreement with the 'Subra' mountaineering Society and extended offered range of activities and although this is a humble beginning we need to aim to produce a combined regional project, because if we work together within the Bay of Kotor, the whole region can compete much more effectively in the tourism market", explained Rade Coso the director of the Kotor Tourist Centre.

Of course such a project would never get off the ground without a someone who belongs both to the tourist industry and mountaineering, Zeljko Franic. Zeljko is the owner of the DAS travel agency from Dubrovnik and has been a mountaineer for fifty years since his father took him to Orjen at the age of 3, and when he fell in love with the mountain and with mountaineering. "I set out to make Orjen part of the future of tourism. We have already made a start, albeit sporadically, with jeep safaris, and from the 15th May we will be offering a full range of activities. Each day two groups will leave from Dubrovnik and from the Bay of Kotor to Vrbanj by minibuses and jeeps, and there will be organized mountain walks and the other activities which go with them. We will provide organically grown food, bought directly from producers in Vrbanj and Krusevice, where you can still find houses where the fireplace is in the middle of the house, which is also an attraction for tourists. My father built the Dubrovnik Mountaineering Cabin in Vrbanj and I really love this mountain and I want to help the people who live there to use what they have in the best possible way. " said Franic.

Source:

www.montenegro.com

Mountain Based Adventure Tourism

LAP Lambert Academic Publishing ( 2010-03-10 )

As the global industry of tourism evolves, a prominent niche market that is experiencing exponential growth is adventure tourism. This sector places a particular emphasis upon the accumulation of symbolic capital – most obviously in the way it connects culturally diffuse ideas of adventure, wildness and travel. This departure from convention demands a different framework of investigation to existing tourism theory. This book is concerned with understanding the way people enter into a commodity exchange process that generates forms of ‘capital'' which provide the building blocks of identity formation. The analysis draws on ethnographic data to illuminate the complexity of identity formation in mountaineering whereby existing traditional values are challenged by the influx of people whose currency allows them to by-pass established protocols of mountaineering apprenticeship. Understanding these fluid and dynamic social processes should be of particular interest to adventure tour operators but also anyone interested in the relationship between sport, physical activity, lifestyle and identity.

Book Details:

Source:

www.lap-publishing.com

Adventure Tourism - 1st Edition ISBN: 9780750651868

Adventure Tourism Description

Looking at the past, present and future of adventure tourism, Adventure Tourism: the new frontier examines the product, the adventure tourist profile, and issues such as supply, geography and sustainability. International case studies are used to illustrate these issues, including: Gorilla watching holidays,Trekking on Mount Everest, Diving holidays, and Outward Bound packages.

Analysis of the development and nature of adventure tourism accompanies these studies, ensuring that the title is useful both for undergraduate and postgraduate students of tourism and for professionals involved in managing adventure tourism enterprises.

There is also a companion website with additional cases, which can be found at www.bh/com/companions/0750651865.

Key Features
  • International case studies, including wilderness tourism in Siberia, rock-climbing based tourism in Spain and mountain tourism in Greece
  • Unique treatment of the subject
  • A respected team of authors
Readership

Senior undergraduate students taking electives in Adventure Tourism as part of Tourism and Leisure degrees. Postgraduate programmes in ecotourism and adventure tourism courses. Professionals involved in managing adventure tourism enterprises.

Table of Contents

Introduction; The historical development of adventure tourism; The sources of adventure; The milieu of adventure tourism; Outdoor adventure and management training; Artificial environments for adventure tourism; Mental adventure tourism; The adventure tourist; The supply side of adventure tourism; The geography of adventure tourism; The impacts of adventure tourism; Topical issues and the future of adventure tourism; Case studies.

Details

No. of pages: 368 Language: English Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2003

Published: 7th April 2003 Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann Paperback ISBN: 9780750651868

Reviews

"'Adventure Tourism: The new frontier' is an essential introduction to the adventure tourism sector for both tertiary students of tourism and professionals working in the tourism industry, as it offers a unique analysis of this fast expanding niche sector. The book will prove accessible to its non-academic audience, while providng a useful reference and first port of call for those researching in this sector and a textbook for tourism academics teaching undergraduate or postgraduate courses in this area." -Tim Bentley, Department of International Business Massey, Aukland, New Zealand ". provides a much needed analysis of this expanding sector of the international tourism market, and is a useful compliation of current knowledge and thought in this area." - Tourism Management

Request Quote

Source:

www.elsevier.com

Tourism types

About 30% of Bulgaria is mountainous. The country’s mountains are exceptionally diverse in relief and offer abundant options for relaxation, along with sports and entertainment for tourists, since conditions are exceptionally conducive for tourism in both winter and summer. The ski season in the medium high and the alpine resorts last about 130 days each year, while during the summer months enthusiasts may hike in centuries-old forests. The numerous hotels and the recreation centers provide accommodations for a wide variety of tastes and preferences.

The Balkan Mountains are the longest range in Bulgaria. They are also known simply as the Balkans, the source of the name for the entire peninsula. It divides the country into two parts – north and south. The Balkan Mountains are famous for their numerous mountain routes. The highest peak in The Balkans is Botev (2,376 meters above sea level). Excellent conditions for mountaineering, skiing, and spa tourism are to be found in Berkovitsa, Ribaritsa, Belogradchik, Beklemeto, Uzana, Karandila, Chiprovtsi, Varshets, Troyan, Teteven, Apriltsi, Tryavna, Elena, Kotel, Zheravna, Bozhentsi, and many other locations in the Balkanss. Tourists may also visit the monasteries located in the mountains – the strongholds of Bulgarian Orthodoxy. In close proximity and parallel to the Balkan Mountains lies the second longest mountain range in Bulgaria – the Sredna Gora.

The mountains Rila and Pirin are alpine, characterized by steep ridges, high peaks, deep valleys, and gorges. The highest peak in Bulgaria and on the Balkan Peninsula is located in the Rila Mountains – Mount Musala (2,925 m). Here is located one of Bulgaria’s landmarks – the seven glacial lakes that are located at an altitude of 2,095 m to 2,535 m. The largest resort in the Rila range is Borovets. It possesses excellent ski runs and mountain hotels. Unique opportunities for combining hiking, skiing and spa tourism are also offered in Panichishte and at Sapareva Banya. The ski centers of Malyovitsa, Semkovo and Govedartsi are also very popular with tourists.

More excellent opportunities for hiking and skiing are offered in the Pirin Mountains, widely admired for their alpine beauty. Here are located the resorts of Bansko, Dobrinishte, and Predela; along with the Popovi Livadi and Kamenitsa lodges, among other destinations. The resort of Bansko has developed into a resort of European and global importance, and during the past few years it has host a number of World Cup competitions in both alpine skiing and biathlon. It offers impressive ski runs, a plethora of hotels and pensions, and the renowned Pirin cuisine. Dobrinishte and the holiday complexes in the locality of Predela also offer opportunities for relaxation and many types of entertainment. The second highest peak in Bulgaria and the third on the Balkan Peninsula is also located in the Pirin range – Mount Vihren (2,914 meters above sea level). The national park Pirin is included in the UNESCO list of natural heritage sites.

The Rhodope Mountains, known as the home of Orpheus, is divided into the alpine western part and the lower eastern part. The highest resort here is Pamporovo, located in a densely forested area, boasting skiing that rivals Bulgaria’s other premier winter resorts. Other options for recreation are to be found in nearby Chepelare, Yundola, Belmeken, Batak and Byala Cherkva. Tourists can enjoy the unique traditional architecture of the Rhodope villages Momchilovtsi, Gela, Dolen, Leshten, Kovachevitsa, Shiroka Laka, among many others, and sample traditional Rhodope dishes. The Rhodope Mountains are dotted with lodges that offer comfortable accommodations for hikers. The highest peak in the Rhodopes is Golyam Perelik (2,191 meters above sea level).

Mount Vitosha is located in close proximity to the nation’s capital, Sofia. With its beautiful natural setting and numerous well-marked hiking trails, and cultural landmarks, it is excellent for mountain ecotourism. The mountain also is the site of the oldest natural park on the Balkan Peninsula, the Vitosha Nature Reserve. There are two ski areas on the mountain, Aleko and Konyarnika, both of which offer excellent conditions for skiing and snowboarding during the winter months. The highest peak is Cherni Vrah (2,290 meters above sea level).

In the Osogovska Mountains there are also opportunities for skiing at “Lyudmil Yankov”, and in the northeastern part of the range is the ski area “Valchi Dol”. The highest peak in this region is Ruen (2,251 meters above sea level).

The Belasitsa Mountains offer exceptional mountain hiking. There are two lodges that welcome tourists. The highest peak is Radomir (2,029 meters above sea level).

Strandzha is distinct from the other Bulgarian mountains, since its peaks are much lower and its climate milder. Strandzha is home to a wide range of flora and fauna.

The mountains in Bulgaria are hospitable all year long, but it must be remembered added that in order to enjoy their beauty visitors need to come well prepared, which includes obtaining information about the routes they plan to use and the meteorological conditions. Visitors should also act responsibly, so as to preserve the pristine beauty of Bulgaria’s majestic mountains.

European Regional Development Fund

We invest in your future

Project “Multimedia Catalogue of the Tourist Sites and Electronic Marketing of Destination Bulgaria”
The project is implemented with the financial support of Operative Program “Regional Development 2007-2013, co-financed by the European Union through the European Regional Development Fund.
The project is financed as per Grant Scheme BG 161PO001/3.3-01/2008.
Support for effective national marketing of the tourist product and improvement of the information service.

The contents of this page is created within the framework of the project entitled “Multimedia Catalogue of Tourist Sites and Electronic Marketing of Destination Bulgaria”, Contract No BG161PO001/3.3-01/2008 /001-5, which is performed with the financial support of Operative Program “Regional Development” 2007 – 2013, co-financed by the European Union through the European Regional Development Fund. The entire responsibility for the contents of the page is brought by the beneficiary – The Ministry of Economy, Energy and Tourism, and under no circumstances it can be considered that this page presents the official position of the European Union and the Managing Body.

Source:

bulgariatravel.org

Tags: bicycling science ebook online