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Bertelsmann: Das Neue Universal Lexikon - Isbn:9783577102988

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  • Book Title: Bertelsmann: das neue Universal Lexikon
  • ISBN 13: 9783577102988
  • ISBN 10: 3577102985
  • Author: Beate Varnhorn
  • Category:
  • Category (general): Other
  • Publisher: wissenmedia Verlag
  • Format & Number of pages: 1055 pages, book
  • Synopsis: Schriftst.; beschreibt Frauenschicksale im heutigen Spanien; Werke u. a. »Ich werde dich behandeln wie eine Königin«, »Geliebter Gebieter«. Monte Rosa, stark vergletschertes Gebirgsmassiv an der ital.-schweiz. Grenze, in den Walliser  ...

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Bertelsmann: das neue Universal Lexikon - ISBN:9783577102988

Bertelsmann

Bertelsmann SE & Co. KGaA is a German multinational mass media corporation founded in 1835, based in Gütersloh. Germany. The company operates in 50 countries and employs in excess of 112,000 people (as of December 31, 2014). In 2014 the company reported a € 16.7 billion consolidated revenue and an operating EBIT of €1.77 billion. [ 1 ] Its principal divisions are Penguin Random House. RTL Group. Gruner + Jahr. Arvato. Be Printers and BMG .

Bertelsmann is a privately held Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien (KGaA; partnership limited by shares). 80.9 percent of the capital shares in Bertelsmann SE & Co. KGaA are held indirectly by foundations (Bertelsmann Stiftung. Reinhard Mohn Stiftung, BVG-Stiftung), and 19.1 percent are held indirectly by the Mohn family. [ 2 ]

History 1835 to 2000

The C. Bertelsmann Verlag was founded as a publishing house and print shop in July 1835 by Carl Bertelsmann. At first Bertelsmann concentrated on Christian songs and books. In 1851, led by Carl Bertelsmann's son Heinrich, the company began publishing novels. During the following years Bertelsmann expanded steadily. By 1939 the publishing house employed 401 people. During World War II. Bertelsmann was the biggest single producer of Nazi propaganda. Its owner, Reinhard Mohn, is said to have belonged to a group that donated money to the Nazi squadron SS. [ 3 ] At the end of World War II. the publishing house was closed for some time because of illegal paper-trading. During the Nazi period, it published books by Nazi authors such as Will Vesper (who did the commemorative speech at the 1933 book burning ) and Hans Grimm. It had also published pro-war books for Hitler Youth members and other key Nazis [ 4 ] In 1947, the company was re-founded by Reinhard Mohn, fifth generation of the Bertelsmann family. In 2002 a commission appointed by the company itself found that it had co-operated closely with the Nazis during the war, and had also used Jewish prisoners in the form of slave labor. [ 5 ]

A 1986 bust of Reinhard Mohn, on display in Stadtmuseum Gütersloh

In the 1950s, Bertelsmann expanded with the bookclub Bertelsmann Leserring (Book Club) and entered the music market with the founding of the LP label Ariola Records in 1958. In 1964 Bertelsmann entered the movie market with the purchase of the Ufa Filmproduktionsgesellschaft. It sold Ufa's cinema chain in the 1970s. In 1969, Bertelsmann bought into the Gruner und Jahr publishing house (newspapers, magazines) and took majority ownership in 1973.

Since the 1980s, Bertelsmann has expanded internationally: in 1979 it bought the American Arista label, in 1980 Bantam Books. in 1986 the label RCA Victor and the publishing house Doubleday. It has distributed Windham Hill Records since 1989. In 1992 it acquired 50% of Windham Hill Records and in 1996 it took full control. During this period the activities in the music market were bundled into the label BMG .

In 1993, Reinhard Mohn as owner of Bertelsmann moved 68.8% of his Bertelsmann AG stock over to the Bertelsmann Foundation. As of 2006, the Mohn family still owns 74.9 of Bertelsmann's capital, in addition of the Bertelsmann foundation.

From 1995 to 2000 Bertelsmann had a major Internet service provider (and associated content) joint venture with AOL that operated throughout Europe.

In 1995 the Ufa Film- und Fernseh-GmbH merged with CLT. Luxembourg. The result was known as RTL Group. the biggest private radio and TV broadcaster in Europe.

In 1998 Thomas Middelhoff became CEO of Bertelsmann. He bought the Random House publishing house and concentrated the group's worldwide book publishing operations under this label.

In 1999, Bertelsmann launched bol.com, the internet book retailer.

2000 to 2010

The Bertelsmann Building in New York City, Bertelsmann's North American headquarters

In 2000, Bookspan was created as a joint-venture between Time Warner and Bertelsmann until 2007 when Bertelsmann took over complete ownership.

In February 2001, Groupe Bruxelles Lambert. headed by Albert Frère. purchased 25% of Bertelsmann AG. André Desmarais. President and Chief Executive Officer, Power Corporation of Canada, was named to the board. In July 2002, the CEO Thomas Middelhoff left the company because of disagreements concerning the company's strategy, in particular relating to his plans to float the company's share on the stockmarkets.

In 2002 Bertelsmann admitted that they lied about their involvement with Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party, which included making profits from slave labour and publishing propaganda. The revelations came to light during their takeover of US book publisher Random House in 1998; Bertelsmann used a revised account of their Nazi past to smooth the deal. [ 6 ]

In 2003, the new CEO Gunter Thielen expanded the music branch BMG with the buying of Zomba Records .

In 2004, BMG set up a joint-venture with Sony Music to create Sony BMG. reducing the Big Five of music companies to the Big Four. BMG Music Publishing. the world's third largest music publisher, remained wholly owned by Bertelsmann at the time, but was sold to Universal Music Publishing in 2006.

Also in 2004, the London Borough of Camden. England, brought anti-social behaviour orders (ASBOs) against Sony Music UK and BMG Entertainment for alleged fly posting. Illegal fly posting by the two companies is thought to save them £8 million a year in advertising costs in Camden and cost the Borough £250,000 to clean up. Failing to comply with an ASBO can result in a jail sentence of up to 5 years.

In July 2006 Bertelsmann AG purchased back 25% of own company from Groupe Bruxelles Lambert .

As of September 1, 2007, Bertelsmann agreed to pay music publishers $130 million to settle a copyright infringement lawsuit brought on by its deal with Napster. [ 7 ]

On January 1, 2008, Hartmut Ostrowski became the new Chairman and CEO of Bertelsmann, replacing Gunter Thielen. [ 8 ]

On April 23, 2008, the company announced that it planned to publish a one-volume encyclopedia in September using content from the German-language Wikipedia. The volume is sold since September 15, 2008 and includes abbreviated entries for the 50,000 most commonly used search terms of the prior two years. [ 9 ]

On October 1, 2008 Bertelsmann completed the sale of its 50% stake in Sony BMG to Sony Corporation of America. Sony has since renamed its now wholly owned music business to Sony Music Entertainment. These two divestitures marked the end of the Bertelsmann Music Group division and the selected assets that Bertelsmann decided to retain from these sell-offs will be the basis of a forthcoming BMG branded division, BMG Rights Management. which will focus on building, managing and marketing artist rights.

On October 3, 2009, Reinhard Mohn died at age 88.

2010 to present

On October 10, 2011, it was announced that Thomas Rabe would be elevated from CFO to CEO, succeeding Hartmut Ostrowski from January 1, 2012. [ 10 ]

On August 20, 2012, Bertelsmann changed its legal form from "Bertelsmann AG" to "Bertelsmann SE & Co. KGaA", a partnership limited by shares (KGaA ). KGaA is a proven legal form for businesses owned by families or foundations that is widely used in Germany.

In October 2012, Bertelsmann entered into talks with rival conglomerate Pearson plc. over the possibility of combining their respective publishing companies, Random House and Penguin Group. The houses are considered two of the "Big Six" publishing companies. [ 11 ]

In October 2014, Gruner + Jahr was fully taken over by its owner Bertelsmann. [ 12 ]

Operations

Bertelsmann is currently organized into the following six divisions:

  • Corporate: Comprising the companies corporate center functions and corporate investments, such as the VC arm BDMI, the BMG music business and the Direct Group business area surrounding bookstores and e-commerce activities
  • RTL Group. Europe's biggest broadcaster of radio and television, which is also the parent to the FremantleMedia movie and TV production enterprise, the largest of its kind outside Hollywood
  • Gruner + Jahr. one of the biggest magazine publishing houses in Europe, owning approximately 500 media activities, magazines and digital offerings in over 30 countries.
  • Penguin Random House. the world's largest general interest trade book publishing company
  • Arvato. an international media and communications service provider
  • Be Printers, an international group of companies offering printing solutions and communications services

BMG Rights Management replaced the music publishing and recorded music business. concentrating on music rights management. Together with its five major divisions Bertelsmann holds assets in more than 200 companies and enterprises worldwide. Direct Group was disbanded as a separate corporate entity in June 2011, its businesses subsequently being transferred to the Corporate Investments division in Bertelsmann's Gütersloh corporate headquarters.

Ownership

Bertelsmann is not publicly listed and is majority owned (77.4%) by the Bertelsmann Foundation. a non-profit organisation and political think tank set up by the Mohn family, which in turn privately owns the remaining 22.6%. [ 13 ] Albert Frère. a Belgian industrialist, owned 25% of Bertelsmann until 2006.

See also Notes and references
  1. ^ joint venture with Tele München Fernseh, Heinrich Bauer Verlag and Burda.
  2. ^ joint venture with The Walt Disney Company .
  3. ^ joint venture with Axel Springer, Heinrich Bauer Verlag, Lühmanndruck Harburger Zeitungsgesellschaft and Morgenpost Verlag.
  4. ^ joint venture with Rheinland-Pfälzische Rundfunk.
  5. ^ joint venture with TF1 Group .
  6. ^ joint venture with AB Groupe .
  7. ^ abc joint venture with TVI, LEMAIRE ELECTRONICS and Rossel .
  • Companies portal

Source:

en.rfwiki.org

Articles

Der Bertelsmann Sch - ler-Globus

Der Bertelsmann Schüler-Globus

Der Bertelsmann Schüler-Globus
Publisher: USM
Publication date: 2010
Format / Quality: ISO (1x DVDrom)
Size: 830MB

Produktbeschreibungen
Die weite Welt und ihre Länder interaktiv erforschen – „Der Bertelsmann Schüler-Globus“ schickt Entdecker ab acht Jahren auf eine virtuelle Reise rund um die Erde. Verständlich und humorvoll vermittelt die DVD-ROM die Grundlagen von Geografie, Kultur, Sprache, Religion, Politik und Wirtschaft fremder Länder.

Zur Verfügung stehen physische und politische Karten, eine Satellitenkarte sowie eine illustrierte Flaggen-Weltkarte. Die intuitive Globus-Navigation mit stufenlosem Zoom erlaubt beliebige Rotationsmöglichkeiten. Das umfangreiche Länderlexikon ist vertont. Zahlreiche sorgfältig ausgesuchte Fotos und Zeichnungen veranschaulichen die Informationen. Fünf abwechslungsreiche interaktive Spiele – z. B. Hauptstädte oder Flaggen zuordnen, Kartenausschnitte erkennen – testen und verfestigen das Wissen über Landeskunde und fördern Konzentration und Gedächtnis.

Features:
Vier ansprechend gestaltete Weltkarten: Flaggenkarte, politische und physische Karte und Satellitenkarte
Intuitive Globus-Navigation mit stufenlosen Zoom
Ausführliches, altersgerechtes Länderlexikon mit vertonten Einführungstexten
4.000 sorgfältig ausgesuchte Fotos und Zeichnungen zu allen Ländern
Jetzt fünf abwechslungsreiche interaktive Spiele zur Landeskunde: Flaggen raten, Städte auf der Karte finden, Hauptstädte raten, Kartenausschnitte erkennen und „Welches Land ist das?“-Bilderrätsel
Basierend auf dem aktuellen „Bertelsmann Kinder Länderlexikon“
Für Schüler ab 8 Jahren

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Bertelsmann: das neue Universal Lexikon - ISBN:9783577102988

Bertelsmann

Bertelsmann AG is a multinational media corporation founded in 1835, based in Gütersloh. Germany. The company operates in 63 countries and employs 102,983 workers (as of December 31, 2009), which makes it the most international media corporation in the world. In 2008 the company reported a € 16.118 billion consolidated revenue and an operating EBIT of €1.568 billion. [ 1 ] Among its some 2000 subdivisions, subsidiaries, and branches are Random House. RTL Group. Gruner + Jahr. Arvato, and BMG Rights Management.

Contents Ownership

Bertelsmann is not publicly listed and is majority owned (77.4%) by the Bertelsmann Foundation. a non-profit organisation and political think tank set up by the Mohn family, which in turn privately owns the remaining 22.6%. [ 2 ] Albert Frère. a Belgian industrialist, owned 25% of Bertelsmann until 2006.

Businesses

After the Sony BMG joint venture was given up in 2008 and the Direct Group division disbanded in 2011, Bertelsmann currently maintains four corporate divisions: [ 3 ]

  • RTL Group. Europe's biggest broadcaster of radio and television, which is also the umbrella division for Bertelsmann's movie and TV production enterprises
  • Gruner + Jahr. the biggest magazine publisher in Europe [ 4 ]
  • Random House. the world's largest trade book publisher
  • Arvato, an international media and communications service provider

BMG Rights Management replaced BMG Music Publishing, concentrating on music rights management. The division is currently forthcoming. Together with its five major divisions Bertelsmann holds assets in more than 200 companies and enterprises worldwide. Direct Group was disbanded as a separate corporate entity in June 2011, its businesses subsequently being transferred to the Corporate Investments division in Bertelsmann's Gütersloh corporate headquarters.

History

Global headquarters in Gütersloh. Germany

The C. Bertelsmann Verlag was founded as a publishing house and print shop in July 1835 by Carl Bertelsmann. At first Bertelsmann concentrated on Christian songs and books. In 1851, led by Carl Bertelsmann's son Heinrich, the company began publishing novels. During the following years Bertelsmann expanded steadily. By 1939 the publishing house employed 401 people. During World War II. Bertelsmann was the biggest single producer of Nazi propaganda. Owner Heinrich Mohn and his son Reinhard Mohn were both members of the SS. [ citation needed ]

At the end of World War II. the publishing house was closed for some time because of illegal paper-trading. During the Nazi period, it published books by Nazi authors such as Will Vesper (who did the commemorative speech at the 1933 book burning ) and Hans Grimm. In 1947, the company was re-founded by Reinhard Mohn, fifth generation of the Bertelsmann family.

In the 1950s, Bertelsmann expanded with the bookclub Bertelsmann Leserring (Book Club) and entered the music market with the founding of the LP label Ariola Records in 1958. In 1964 Bertelsmann entered the movie market with the purchase of the Ufa Filmproduktionsgesellschaft. It sold Ufa's cinema chain in the 1970s. In 1969, Bertelsmann bought into the Gruner und Jahr publishing house (newspapers, magazines) and took majority ownership in 1973.

Since the 1980s, Bertelsmann has expanded internationally: in 1979 it bought the American Arista label, in 1980 Bantam Books. in 1986 the label RCA Victor and the publishing house Doubleday. It has distributed Windham Hill Records since 1989. In 1992 it acquired 50% of Windham Hill Records and in 1996 it took full control. During this period the activities in the music market were bundled into the label BMG.

In 1993, Reinhard Mohn as owner of Bertelsmann moved 68.8% of his Bertelsmann AG stock over to the Bertelsmann Foundation. As of 2006, the Mohn family still owns 74.9 of Bertelsman's capital, in addition of the Bertelsmann foundation.

From 1995 to 2000 Bertelsmann had a major Internet service provider (and associated content) joint venture with AOL that operated throughout Europe.

In 1995 the Ufa Film- und Fernseh-GmbH merged with CLT, Luxembourg. The result was known as RTL Group. the biggest private radio and TV broadcaster in Europe.

In 1998 Thomas Middelhoff became CEO of Bertelsmann. He bought the Random House publishing house and concentrated the group's worldwide book publishing operations under this label.

In 1999, Bertelsmann launched bol.com, the internet book retailer.

In 2000, Bookspan was created as a joint-venture between Time Warner and Bertelsmann until 2007 when Bertelsmann took over complete ownership.

In February 2001, Groupe Bruxelles Lambert. headed by Albert Frère. purchased 25% of Bertelsmann AG. André Desmarais. President and Chief Executive Officer, Power Corporation of Canada, was named to the board. In July 2002, the CEO Thomas Middelhoff left the company because of disagreements concerning the company's strategy, in particular relating to his plans to float the company's share on the stockmarkets.

In 2002 Bertelsmann admitted that they lied about their involvement with Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party, which included making profits from slave labour and publishing propaganda. The revelations came to light during their takeover of US book publisher Random House in 1998; Bertelsmann used a revised account of their Nazi past to smooth the deal. [ 5 ]

In 2003, the new CEO Gunter Thielen expanded the music branch BMG with the buying of Zomba Records.

In 2004, BMG set up a joint-venture with Sony Music to create Sony BMG. reducing the Big Five of music companies to the Big Four. BMG Music Publishing, the world's third largest music publisher, remained wholly owned by Bertelsmann at the time, but was sold to Universal Music Publishing in 2006.

Also in 2004, the London Borough of Camden. England, brought anti-social behaviour orders (ASBOs) against Sony Music UK and BMG for alleged fly posting. Illegal fly posting by the two companies is thought to save them £8 million a year in advertising costs in Camden and cost the Borough £250,000 to clean up. Falling to comply with an ASBO can result in a jail sentence of up to 5 years.

In July 2006 Bertelsmann AG purchased back 25% of own company from Groupe Bruxelles Lambert .

As of September 1, 2007, Bertelsmann agreed to pay music publishers $130 million to settle a copyright infringement lawsuit brought on by its deal with Napster. [ 6 ]

On January 1, 2008, Hartmut Ostrowski became the new Chairman and CEO of Bertelsmann, replacing Gunter Thielen. [ 7 ]

On April 23, 2008, the company announced that it planned to publish a one-volume encyclopedia in September using content from the German-language Wikipedia. The volume is sold since September 15th 2008 and includes abbreviated entries for the 50,000 most commonly used search terms of the prior two years. [ 8 ]

On October 1, 2008 Bertelsmann completed the sale of its 50 % stake in Sony BMG to Sony Corporation of America. Sony has since renamed its now wholly owned music business to Sony Music Entertainment. These two divestitures marked the end of the Bertelsmann Music Group division and the selected assets that Bertelsmann decided to retain from these sell-offs will be the basis of a forthcoming BMG branded division, BMG Rights Management . which will focus on building, managing and marketing artist rights.

On October 3, 2009, Reinhard Mohn died at age 88.

On October 10, 2011, it was announced that Thomas Rabe will be elevated from CFO to CEO and will succeed Hartmut Ostrowski as of January 1, 2012

See also References Look at other dictionaries:

Bertelsmann — AG Rechtsform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1. Juli 1835 Sitz … Deutsch Wikipedia

Bertelsmann — Bertelsmann, das nach AOL TimeWarner und CBS Viacom drittgrößte Medienunternehmen der Welt mit Sitz in Gütersloh. Bertelsmann hat rund 73 000 Mitarbeiter und Mitarbeiterinnen in 54 Ländern und setzte im Geschäftsjahr 2000/2001 41 Milliarden DM… … Universal-Lexikon

Bertelsmann — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar … Wikipedia Español

Bertelsmann — 51° 54′ 29″ N 8° 25′ 09″ E / 51.9081, 8.41921 … Wikipédia en Français

Bertelsmann — aus einer mit dem Suffix mann erweiterten patronymischen Kurzform von Berthold entstandener Familienname … Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

Bertelsmann — German media group … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

Bertelsmann-AG — Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1. Juli 1835 … Deutsch Wikipedia

Bertelsmann AG — Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1. Juli 1835 … Deutsch Wikipedia

Bertelsmann-Stiftung — Rechtsform: Stiftung des privaten Rechts Zweck: konkrete Beiträge zur Lösung aktueller gesellschaftlicher Probleme Vorsitz … Deutsch Wikipedia

Source:

en.academic.ru

Bertelsmann: Wikis (The Full Wiki)

Bertelsmann: Wikis

The Gutersloh (Germany) based Bertelsmann group originated in the 19th century as a Bible publisher, traditionally one of the more profitable specialisations.

Bertelsmann has a controlling stake in RTL, the Luxembourg-based broadcaster (22 television stations and 18 radio stations across Europe) formed through the merger of CLT-UFA with Pearson TV.

Acquisition of most of RTL involved Franco-Belgian financier Groupe Bruxelles Lambert (controlled by the Frère-Bourgeois group and Desmarais' Power Corp) gaining 25% of Bertelsmann. a precursor to listing of the group on the major exchanges and further diluting ownership by the Mohn family and the Bertelsmann Foundation.

German media giant Bertelsmann has admitted it lied about its Nazi past and that it made big profits during Adolf Hitler's reign in Germany using Jewish slave labour.

A commission set up by the firm found Bertelsmann rode the rise of the Nazi party to restructure itself from a religious and school book publisher to supply millions of anti-Semitic texts.

Bertelsmann "Bertelsmann published a variety of papers and books that clearly had anti-Jewish bias," Independent Historical Commission (IHC) Chairman Saul Friedlaender, an Israeli historian, told a news conference.


http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/2308415.stm ">Bertelsmann admits Nazi past - BBC NEWS | Business | Bertelsmann admits Nazi past

The company announced it would form an alliance with Bertelsmann AG to develop a new secure file-sharing music service.

Under the terms of the deal, if Napster can successfully deploy a membership-based service that protects works under copyright, Bertelsmann would withdraw its suit.

Bertelsmann also seeks an equity stake in Napster and will provide funding for the company through its eCommerce Group.

Source:

www.thefullwiki.org

Jacob Micyllus - Wikipedia, Photos and Videos

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

Jacob Micyllus. [1] (6 April 1503 – 28 January 1558) was a German Renaissance humanist and teacher, who conducted the city's Latin school in Frankfurt and held a chair at the University of Heidelberg. during times of great cultural stress in Germany.

Micyllus was born Jakob Moltzer in Strasbourg. From 1518 to 1522 he studied in Erfurt. then at the end of 1522 went to Philipp Melanchthon in Wittenberg. From 1524, aged only twenty-one, he directed the city Latin school at Frankfurt, on Melanchthon's recommendation. But he was not at ease with the radical Reformation in Frankfurt from 1526 and found a place as professor in Heidelberg, January 1533. He died in Heidelberg .

Contents Selected works [ edit ]
  • Varia epigrammata graco & latina & alia carmina graca, Basel 1538
  • Sylva variorum carminum
  • Commentataria in Homerum, Basel 1541
  • Annotationes in Joh. Bocatii genealogiam Deorum, Basel 1532
  • Scholta ad Marialis obscuriores aliquot locos
  • Ratio examinandorum versuum
  • Calendarium
  • Carmen elegiacum de ruina arcis Heidelbergensis, quae facta est 1537
  • Annotationes in Ovidium, & in Lucanum
  • Arithmetica logistica
  • Euripidis vita, Basel 1558
  • De Tragaedia & ejus portibus
  • Traductio aliquoe operum Luciani cum scholiis
  • Annotationes in Euripidem, Basel 1562
  • Urbis Francofurdi gratulatio ad Caronum, Leipzig 1530
Notes [ edit ] References [ edit ]
  • Classen, Johannes. Jakob Micyllus, Rektor zu Frankfurt am Main 1524-1533 und 1537-1547, als Schulmann, Dichter und Gelehrter. Frankfurt am Main 1861
  • Gerhard Dolinsky. Aus der Geschichtes des Frankfurter Gymnasiums. in: H.-J. Heydorn und K. Ringshausen: Jenseits von Resignation und Illusion - Festschrift zum 450jährigen Bestehen des Lessing-Gymnasiums. Frankfurt am Main 1971
  • Johann Friedrich Hautz. Jacobus Micyllus Argentoratensis, philologus et poeta, Heidelbergae et Repertinae Universitatis olim decus: commentatio historico-literaria. Heidelbergae: J.C.B. Mohr, 1842.
  • Johann Classen. Nachträge zu der Biographie des Jakob Micyllus, Frankfurt/M 1861
  • Georg Ellinger. Jakob Micyllus und Joachim Camerarius. In: Neue Jahrbuch für das klass. Altertum, Geschichte und deutsche Literatur und für Pädagogik Jahrgang 24 (1909), pp. 1 50-173. - Ellinger 2, pp. 28–44
  • Otto Clemen. Zu Jakob Micyllus In: Neue Heidelberger Jahrbuch N. F. (1941): 1-11
  • Arthur Henkel. "In Mortem Simii Heidelbergensis". Zu einem Epikediom des Jakob Micyllus In: Festschrift Leonard Forster. Baden-Baden 1982, S. 264-280
  • Hermann Wiegand. Hodoeporica. Baden-Baden 1984
  • [Adolf] Brecher (1885), "Micyllus, Jakob Molshem ", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 21. Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 704–708  
  • Franz Lerner (1994), "Micyllus, Jacob". Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 17. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 459–460  
  • Walther Killy, ed. Literaturlexikon: Autoren und Werke deutscher Sprache (15 Bände). Gütersloh, München: Bertelsmann-Lexikon-Verl. 1988-1991 (CD-ROM: Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-932544-13-7 )
External links [ edit ]

Source:

www.mashpedia.com

International Standard Book Number

International Standard Book Number Look at other dictionaries:

International Standard Book Number — (ISBN) A publication number issued by the Library of Congress that identifies a specific book or other nonperiodical … Glossary of postal terms

International Standard Book Number — ISBN redirects here. For usage of ISBNs in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:ISBN. A 13 digit ISBN, 978 3 16 148410 0, as represented by an EAN 13 bar code. The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a unique[1][2 … Wikipedia

International Standard Book Number — ISBN codiert als EAN 13 Barcode Die Internationale Standardbuchnummer (International Standard Book Number), abgekürzt ISBN, ist eine Nummer[1] zur eindeutigen Kennzeichnung von Büchern. Daneben können auch andere selbstständige Veröffentlichungen … Deutsch Wikipedia

International Standard Book Number —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec ISSN. L’ISBN (International Standard Book Number) ou numéro international normalisé du livre est un numéro international qui permet d’identifier, de manière unique, certains[1] livres publiés. Il est destiné à … Wikipédia en Français

International Standard Book Number — a unique, internationally utilized number code assigned to books for the purposes of identification and inventory control. Abbr. ISBN. Also called Standard Book Number. * * * in bibliography, 10 digit number assigned before publication to… … Universalium

International Standard Book Number — a unique, internationally utilized number code assigned to books for the purposes of identification and inventory control. Abbr. ISBN. Also called Standard Book Number … Useful english dictionary

International Standard Book Number — Interna′tional Stan′dard Book′ Num ber n. lib pri a unique, internationally utilized number code assigned to a book for the purposes of identification and inventory control Abbr. ISBN … From formal English to slang

International Standard Book Number — Internationale Standardbuchnummer; ISBN; ISB Nummer … Universal-Lexikon

International Standard Book Number (ISBN) — Ten digit number assigned before publication to a book or edition thereof. The ISBN identifies various elements of the work, grouping it within a national, geographic, language, or other convenient category and revealing its publisher, title,… … Universalium

Source:

business_finance.enacademic.com

Grosses vollst - ndiges Universal-Lexicon explained

Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon explained

The Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon aller Wissenschafften und Künste (English: Great Complete Encyclopedia of All Sciences and Arts ) is a 68-volume German encyclopedia published by Johann Heinrich Zedler between 1731 and 1754. It was the first encyclopaedia to include biographies of living people.

Title

The bookseller and publisher Zedler published this book in Leipzig under the name Great Complete Encyclopaedia of All Sciences and Arts Which So Far Have Been Invented and Improved by Human Mind and Wit: Including the Geographical and Political Description of the Whole World According to All Monarchies, Empires, Kingdoms, Principalities, Republics, Free Sovereignties, Countries, Towns, Sea Harbors, Fortresses, Castles, Areas, Authorities, Monasteries, Mountains, Passes, Woods, Seas, Lakes. and also a Detailed Historical and Genealogical Description of the World's Brightest and Most Famous Family Lines, the Life and Deeds of the Emperors, Kings, Electors and Princes, Great Heroes, Ministers of State, War Leaders. ; Equally about All Policies of State, War and Law and Budgetary Business of the Nobility and the Bourgeois, Merchants, Traders, Arts.

Zedler himself called his encyclopedia "Zedler's Encyclopedia" (Zedlersches Lexikon ).

Editors

Zedler's encyclopedia was the first which was worked on by editors who were specialists, and which was not named after the author or the editor, but instead after the publisher. The main editors were Jacob August Franckenstein (volumes 1-2), Paul Daniel Longolius (volumes 3-18), and Carl Günther Ludovici (volumes 19-64 and supplements).

Nothing certain is known about the individual authors of the encyclopedia. Heinrich Winkler wrote many medical articles, and Friedrich August Müller probably wrote articles on philosophy. [1] Lorenz Christoph Mizler (1711–1778) claimed to have written mathematical articles. Johann Heinrich Rother and Johann Christoph Gottsched have also been suggested as possible collaborators, though both denied it. [2]

Printing

The Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon is sometimes considered the first modern encyclopedia in the German language ; at the time, it was the largest printed encyclopaedia in the western world. It was originally supposed to be printed in about 12 volumes, an estimate later extended to 24, but its final printing was in 64 volumes plus four supplements, with about 284,000 articles on 63,000 two column pages. Ludovici had even been intended to write a further four supplements.Initial production was funded through Praenumeration. where buyers paid in advance and received a discount on the volume that was later delivered.

The volumes were all printed in the cellars of Halle Orphanage, not far from Leipzig. This print shop belonged to August Hermann Francke 's Halle Foundation. Later, between 1961 and 1964, the book was republished in Graz. Austria .

Online copy

The Bavarian State Library 's digitisation center in Munich (Münchener Digitalisierungszentrum. MDZ) digitized the encyclopedia completely, including the three supplements, in the form of images and PDF files. The 68 volumes have an index and readers can browse through the pages.

Further reading

Gu Zhengxiang: "Zum China -Bild des Zedlerschen Lexikons: Bibliographie der in seinen China-Artikeln besprochenen oder als Quellen genannten Werke", in: Suevica. Beiträge zur schwäbischen Literatur- und Geistesgeschichte. hrsg. von Reinhard Breymayer, 9 (2001/2002). Stuttgart: Heinz, 2004 [2005], pp. 477–506, ISBN 3-88099-428-5.

External links Notes and References
  1. Ulrich Johannes Schneider, "Die Konstruktion des allgemeinen Wissens in Zedlers Universallexikon," in Wissenssicherung, Wissensordnung und Wissensverarbeitung: Das europäische Modell der Enzyklopädien. ed. Theo Stammen et al. (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2004), 87n.
  2. Ines Prodöhl, "´Aus denen besten Scribenten´: Zedlers Universal-Lexicon im Spannungsfeld zeitgenössischer Lexikonproduktion," Das achtzehnte Jahrhundert 29 (2005): 89-91.

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Lexikon Buch - Bibliothek - Neue Medien

Lexikon Buch - Bibliothek - Neue Medien Aims and Scope

This encyclopaedia explains all the current specialist terminology from the fields of book studies, librarianship, information and documentation as well as 'new media'. The first edition has been updated and considerably enlarged in order to cover the latest developments, particularly in 'new media'. Among the areas concerned are the internet, automatic indexing methods, abstracting and electronic developments in librarianship such as virtual libraries and digital libraries. The encyclopaedia is both a useful introduction and a textbook for librarians, documentalists and information scientists.

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23 x 15.5 cm 472 pages DE GRUYTER SAUR Language: German Type of Publication: Reference Work

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