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Invasion Of The Body Snatchers: A Novel - Isbn:9781501117824

Category: Fiction

  • Book Title: Invasion of the Body Snatchers: A Novel
  • ISBN 13: 9781501117824
  • ISBN 10: 1501117823
  • Author: Jack Finney
  • Category: Fiction
  • Category (general): Fiction
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • Format & Number of pages: 224 pages, book
  • Synopsis: ALSO BY JACK FINNEY NOVELS From Time to Time The Night People Marion's Wall Time and Again The Woodrow Wilson Dime Good Neighbor Sam Assault on a Queen The House of Numbers Five Against the House SHORT STORY ...

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ISBN: 0425165272 - They re ion Of The Body Snatchers: A Tribute - OPENISBN Project: Download Book Data

They're Here. Invasion Of The Body Snatchers: A Tribute

Invasion of the Body Snatchers is one of the most ingenious and influential works of science fiction ever to "take over" the public imagination. Based on the 1955 novel The Body Snatchers by Jack Finney (author of the classic Time and Again), this classic tale of alienation, conformity, and political paranoia has inspired three motion pictures--and terrified three generations of fans. Now this fascinating companion volume--edited by Kevin McCarthy, the star of the original film, and Ed Gorman--explores the enduring power and popularity of The Body Snatchers phenomenon. Filled with photographs, interviews, personal commentaries, and behind-the scenes anecdotes--it is, at once, a tribute to director Don Siegel's 1956 film noir classic of Red Scare paranoia, a reassessment of the 1978 and 1997 remakes, and an homage to the brilliant fiction of author Jack Finney.

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Invasion of the Body Snatchers

Invasion of the Body Snatchers

The story depicts an extraterrestrial invasion that begins in the small fictional California town of Santa Mira. Alien plant spores have fallen from space and grown into large seed pods, each one capable of reproducing a duplicate replacement copy of each human. As each pod reaches full development, it assimilates the physical characteristics, memories, and personalities of each sleeping person placed near it; these duplicates, however, are devoid of all human emotion. Little by little, a local doctor uncovers this "quiet" invasion and attempts to stop it.

The slang expression "pod people" that arose in late 20th Century American culture references the emotionless duplicates seen in the film. [ 2 ]

In 1994, Invasion of the Body Snatchers was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."


Psychiatrist Dr. Hill is called to the emergency room of a hospital, where a screaming man is being held in custody. Dr. Hill agrees to listen to his story. The man identifies himself as Dr. Miles Bennell, and he recounts, in flashback. the events leading up to his arrest and arrival at the hospital:

In Santa Mira, California, Miles Bennell, a local doctor, sees a number of patients suffering from Capgras delusion. Returning from a trip, Miles meets his former girlfriend, Becky Driscoll, who has herself recently come back to town after a recent divorce. Becky's cousin Wilma has the same fear about her Uncle Ira, with whom she lives. Psychiatrist Dr. Dan Kauffman assures Bennell that these cases are merely an "epidemic of mass hysteria ".

That same evening, Bennell's friend Jack Belicec finds a body with his physical features, though it's not fully developed; later, another body is found in the cellar of Becky's home that is a replica of her. When Bennell calls Kauffman to the scene, the bodies have mysteriously disappeared, and Kauffman informs Bennell that he is falling for the same hysteria. The following night, Bennell, Becky, Jack, and Jack's wife Teddy again find duplicates of themselves, emerging from large seed pods in Dr. Bennell's greenhouse. They conclude that the townspeople are being replaced while asleep by exact physical copies. Miles tries to make a long distance call for help from federal authorities, but the phone operator claims that all long-distance lines are busy; Jack and Teddy drive off to seek help in the next town. Bennell and Becky discover that by now all of the town's inhabitants have been replaced and are devoid of humanity; they flee to Bennell's office to hide for the night.

The next morning, they see truckloads of the large pods heading to neighboring towns, to be planted by "pod people" and used to replace surrounding populations little by little. Kauffman and Jack, both of whom are "pod people" by now, arrive at Bennell's office and reveal that an extraterrestrial life form is responsible for the invasion. After their takeover, they explain, life loses its frustrating complexity, because all emotions and sense of individuality vanish. Bennell and Becky escape and hide in an abandoned mine outside of town. Bennell comes upon a nearby farm and discovers more large seed pods being grown by the hundreds. While he is gone, Becky falls asleep and is transformed; when he returns and kisses her he realizes what has happened. She calls out to the pursuing "pod people". Bennell, now panicking, runs and eventually finds himself on a crowded highway. After seeing a truck bound for San Francisco and Los Angeles filled with pods, he frantically screams to passing motorists, "They're here already! You're next! You're next!"

As Bennell finishes his story at the hospital, Dr. Hill and the on-duty doctor doubt his account until an injured truck driver, involved in a highway accident, is brought into the emergency room. He was found in his wrecked truck buried under a load of giant seed pods. Both doctors realize that Bennell's story is true, and they immediately call the federal authorities.

Cast Production Novel and screenplay

Jack Finney's novel ends with the extraterrestrials finally leaving Earth after they find that humans are offering strong resistance, despite having little reasonable chance against the alien invasion; the "pod people" have a life span of no more than five years, so five years after taking over the last human being, the invaders would then have to seek out a new world with new life forms as hosts, leaving behind a depopulated Earth. [ 2 ]

Budgeting and casting

In this screenshot from the trailer; the principal cast (topright going clockwise): Carolyn Jones as Teddy, Kevin McCarthy as Dr. Miles Bennell, King Donovan as Jack Belicec, and Dana Wynter as Becky Driscoll; discover the pods growing

Invasion of the Body Snatchers was originally scheduled for a 24-day shoot and a budget of US$ 454,864. The studio later asked Wanger to cut the budget significantly. The producer proposed a shooting schedule of 20 days and a budget of $350,000. [ 3 ]

Initially, Wanger considered Gig Young. Dick Powell. Joseph Cotten and several others for the role of Miles. For Becky, he considered casting Anne Bancroft. Donna Reed. Kim Hunter. Vera Miles and others. With the lower budget, however, he abandoned these choices and cast Richard Kiley. who had just starred in The Phenix City Story for Allied Artists. [ 3 ] Kiley turned the role down and Wanger cast two relative newcomers in the lead roles: Kevin McCarthy. who had just starred in Siegel's An Annapolis Story . and Dana Wynter. who had done several major dramatic roles on television. [ 4 ]

Future director Sam Peckinpah had a small part as Charlie, a meter reader. Peckinpah was a dialogue coach on five Siegel films in the mid-1950s, including this one. [ 5 ]

Principal photography

Originally, producer Wanger and Siegel wanted to film Invasion of the Body Snatchers on location in Mill Valley, California. the town just north of San Francisco. that Jack Finney described in his novel. [ 3 ] In the first week of January 1955, Siegel, Wanger and screenwriter Daniel Mainwaring visited Finney to talk about the film version and to look at Mill Valley. The location proved too expensive and Siegel with Allied Artist executives found locations resembling Mill Valley in the Los Angeles area, including Sierra Madre. Chatsworth. Glendale. Los Feliz. Bronson and Beachwood Canyons. all of which would make up the town of "Santa Mira" for the film. [ 3 ] In addition to these outdoor locations, much of the film was shot in the Allied Artists studio on the east side of Hollywood. [ 2 ]

Invasion of the Body Snatchers was shot by cinematographer Ellsworth Fredericks in 23 days between March 23 and April 18, 1955. The cast and crew worked a six-day week with Sundays off. [ 3 ] The production went over schedule by three days because of night-for-night shooting that Siegel wanted. Additional photography took place in September 1955, filming a frame story on which the studio had insisted (see Original intended ending ). The final budget was $382,190. [ 2 ]


The project was originally named The Body Snatchers after the Finney serial. [ 6 ] However, Wanger wanted to avoid confusion with the 1945 Val Lewton film The Body Snatcher . The producer was unable to come up with a title and accepted the studio's choice, They Come from Another World and that was assigned in summer 1955. Siegel objected to this title and suggested two alternatives, Better Off Dead and Sleep No More. while Wanger offered Evil in the Night and World in Danger. None of these were chosen, and the studio settled on Invasion of the Body Snatchers in late 1955. [ 6 ] The film was released at the time in France under the mistranslated title "L'invasion des profanateurs de sépultures " (literally: Invasion of the defilers of tombs ), which remains unchanged today.

Wanger wanted to add a variety of speeches and prefaces. [ 7 ] He suggested a voice-over introduction for Miles. [ 8 ] While the film was being shot, Wanger tried to get permission in England to use a Winston Churchill quotation as a preface to the film. The producer sought out Orson Welles to voice the preface and a trailer for the film. He wrote speeches for Welles' opening on June 15, 1955, and worked to persuade Welles to do it, but was unsuccessful. Wanger considered science fiction author Ray Bradbury instead, but this did not happen, either. [ 8 ] Mainwaring eventually wrote the voice-over narration himself. [ 6 ]

The studio scheduled three film previews on the last days of June and the first day of July 1955. [ 8 ] According to Wanger's memos at the time, the previews were successful. Later reports by Mainwaring and Siegel, however, contradict this, claiming that audiences could not follow the film and laughed in the wrong places. In response the studio removed much of the film's humor, "humanity" and "quality," according to Wanger. [ 8 ] He scheduled another preview in mid-August that also did not go well. In later interviews Siegel pointed out that it was studio policy not to mix humor with horror. [ 8 ]

Wanger saw the final cut in December 1955 and protested the use of the Superscope aspect ratio. [ 6 ] Its use had been included in early plans for the film, but the first print was not made until December. Wanger felt that the film lost sharpness and detail. Siegel originally shot Invasion of the Body Snatchers in the 1.85:1 aspect ratio. Superscope was a post-production laboratory process designed to create an anamorphic print from non-anamorphic source material that would be projected at an aspect ratio of 2.00:1. [ 6 ] [ 9 ]

Original intended ending

Both Siegel and Mainwaring were satisfied with the film as shot. It was originally meant to end with Miles screaming as truckloads of pods pass him by. [ 7 ] The studio, wary of a pessimistic conclusion, insisted on adding a prologue and epilogue to the movie suggesting a more optimistic outcome to the story, which is thus told mainly in flashback. In this version the movie begins with a ranting Bennell in custody in a hospital emergency ward. He then tells an arriving doctor (Whit Bissell ) his story. In the closing scene pods are found at a highway accident, confirming his warning. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is notified, possibly in time to save the Earth. [ 2 ]

Mainwaring scripted this framing story and Siegel shot it on September 16, 1955, at the Allied Artists studio. [ 6 ] In a later interview Siegel complained, "The film was nearly ruined by those in charge at Allied Artists who added a preface and ending that I don't like." [ 10 ] In his autobiography Siegel added that "Wanger was very much against this, as was I. However, he begged me to shoot it to protect the film, and I reluctantly consented […]". [ 11 ]

While the Internet Movie Database states that the film's original ending had been reinstated for a re-release in 1979, [ 12 ] Steve Biodrowski of Cinefantastique magazine claims that the film is still released with the additional footage, including a 2005 screening at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. honoring director Don Siegel. [ 13 ]

Though disapproved of by most reviewers, George Turner (in American Cinematographer ) [ 14 ] and Danny Peary (in Cult Movies ) [ 15 ] endorsed the subsequently added frame story. Nonetheless, Peary emphasized that the added scenes changed significantly what he saw as the film's original intention (see Themes ).

Theatrical release

When the film was released domestically in February 1956, many theaters displayed several pods made of papier-mâché in theater lobbies and entrances, along with large lifelike black and white cutouts of McCarthy and Wynter running away from a crowd. The film made more than $1 million in the first month, and in 1956 alone made more than $2.5 million in the U.S. [ 2 ] When the British release (with cuts imposed by the British censors [ 16 ] ) took place in late 1956, the film earned more than a half million dollars in ticket sales. [ 6 ]


Some reviewers saw in the story a commentary on the dangers facing America for turning a blind eye to McCarthyism ,"Leonard Maltin speaks of a McCarthy-era subtext." [ 17 ] or of bland conformity in postwar Eisenhower -era America. Others viewed it as an allegory for the loss of personal autonomy in the Soviet Union or communist systems in general. [ 18 ] For the BBC. David Wood summarized the circulating popular interpretations of the film as follows: "The sense of post-war, anti-communist paranoia is acute, as is the temptation to view the film as a metaphor for the tyranny of the McCarthy era." [ 19 ] Danny Peary in Cult Movies pointed out that the addition of the framing story had changed the film's stance from anti-McCarthyite to anti-communist. [ 15 ] Michael Dodd of The Missing Slate has called the movie "one of the most multifaceted horror films ever made", arguing that by "simultaneously exploiting the contemporary fear of infiltration by undesirable elements as well as a burgeoning concern over homeland totalitarianism in the wake of Senator Joseph McCarthy’s notorious communist witch hunt, it may be the clearest window into the American psyche that horror cinema has ever provided". [ 20 ]

In An Illustrated History of the Horror Film. Carlos Clarens saw a trend manifesting itself in Science Fiction films, dealing with dehumanization and fear of the loss of individual identity, being historically connected to the end of "the Korean War and the well publicized reports of brainwashing techniques". [ 21 ] Comparing Invasion of the Body Snatchers with Robert Aldrich 's Kiss Me Deadly and Orson Welles ' Touch of Evil . Brian Neve found a sense of disillusionment rather than straightforward messages, with all three films being "less radical in any positive sense than reflective of the decline of [the screenwriters'] great liberal hopes". [ 22 ]

Despite a general agreement among film critics regarding these political connotations of the film, actor Kevin McCarthy said in an interview included on the 1998 DVD release that he felt no political allegory was intended. The interviewer stated that he had spoken with the author of the novel, Jack Finney, who professed no specific political allegory in the work. DVD commentary track, quoted in Feo Amante's homepage. [ 23 ]

In his autobiography, I Thought We Were Making Movies, Not History. Walter Mirisch writes: "People began to read meanings into pictures that were never intended. The Invasion of the Body Snatchers is an example of that. I remember reading a magazine article arguing that the picture was intended as an allegory about the communist infiltration of America. From personal knowledge, neither Walter Wanger nor Don Siegel, who directed it, nor Dan Mainwaring, who wrote the script nor original author Jack Finney, nor myself saw it as anything other than a thriller, pure and simple." [ 24 ]

Don Siegel spoke more openly of an existing allegorical subtext, but denied a strictly political point of view: "[…] I felt that this was a very important story. I think that the world is populated by pods and I wanted to show them. I think so many people have no feeling about cultural things, no feeling of pain, of sorrow. […] The political reference to Senator McCarthy and totalitarianism was inescapable but I tried not to emphasize it because I feel that motion pictures are primarily to entertain and I did not want to preach." [ 25 ] Film scholar J. P. Telotte wrote that Siegel intended for pods to be seductive; their spokesperson, a psychiatrist, was chosen to provide an authoritative voice that would appeal to the desire to "abdicate from human responsibility in an increasingly complex and confusing modern world." [ 26 ]

Reaction Critical reception

Largely ignored by critics on its initial run, [ 14 ] Invasion of the Body Snatchers received wide critical acclaim in retrospect and is considered one of the best films of 1956. [ 27 ] [ 28 ] [ 29 ] The film holds a 98% "Fresh" rating on the review aggregate Web site Rotten Tomatoes. [ 30 ]

In recent years, critics such as Dan Druker, Chicago Reader have hailed the film as a "genuine Sci-Fi classic". [ 31 ] (Leonard Maltin ) described Invasion of the Body Snatchers as "influential, and still very scary". [ 17 ] Time Out called the film, one of the "most resonant" and "one of the simplest" of the genre. [ 32 ]


Invasion of the Body Snatchers was selected in 1993 for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". [ 33 ] In June 2008, the American Film Institute revealed its "Ten top Ten " — the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres — after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. Invasion of the Body Snatchers was acknowledged as the ninth best film in the science fiction genre. [ 34 ] The film was also placed on AFI's AFI's 100 Years. 100 Thrills. a list of America's most heart-pounding films. [ 35 ] The film was included on Bravo 's 100 Scariest Movie Moments . [ 36 ] Similarly, the Chicago Film Critics Association named it the 29th scariest film ever made. [ 37 ] Time magazine included Invasion of the Body Snatchers on their list of 100 all-time best films, [ 38 ] the top 10 1950s Sci-Fi Movies, [ 39 ] and Top 25 Horror Films. [ 40 ]

DVD releases

The film was released on DVD in 1998 by U.S.-label Republic (an identical re-release by Artisan followed in 2002); it includes the Superscope version plus a 1.375:1 Academy ratio version. The latter is not the original full frame edition, but a pan and scan reworking of the Superscope edition that loses visual detail.

DVD editions exist on the British market (including a computer colorized version), German market (as Die Dämonischen ) and Spanish market (as La Invasión de los Ladrones de Cuerpos ).

Olive Films released a Blu-ray Disc Superscope version of the film in 2012.

Related works



Jack Finney: Quotes, Biography, Writing Career, Works, and a List of Books by Author Jack Finney

Search - List of Books by Jack Finney

"When you've heard one bagpipe tune, you've heard them both." -- Jack Finney

Jack Finney (October 2, 1911 — November 14, 1995) was an American author. His best-known works are science fiction and thriller, including The Body Snatchers and Time and Again. The former was the basis for the 1956 movie Invasion of the Body Snatchers and its remakes.

Quotes more �� less

"I went up a straight crooked lane and, I said 'No thanks, yes if yer please."

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Biography more �� less

Finney was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and given the name John Finney. After his father died when he was three years old, he was renamed Walter Braden Finney in honor of his father, but continued to be known as "Jack" throughout his life. He attended Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, graduating in 1934. He married Marguerite Guest and they had two children, Kenneth and Marguerite. After living in New York City and working for an advertising agency there, he moved with his family to California in the early 1950s. He lived in Mill Valley, California, and died of pneumonia and emphysema in Greenbrae, California.

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Writing Career more �� less

Finney's first short story, "The Widow's Walk", won a contest sponsored by Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine in 1946. His first novel, 5 Against the House, was published in 1954. It was made into a movie the following year.

Finney's novel The Body Snatchers (1955) was the basis for the 1956 movie Invasion of the Body Snatchers (and its remakes). It tells the story of aliens who invade Earth by emerging from pods and taking over the bodies of humans.

Another novel, Assault on a Queen (1959), became a film with Frank Sinatra as the leader of a gang that pulls a daring robbery of the RMS Queen Mary.

Finney's greatest success came with his science fiction novel Time and Again (1970). Its protagonist, Simon Morley, is working in advertising in New York City when he is recruited for a secret government project trying to achieve time travel. Instead of using a physical machine, the participants steep themselves in the history and culture of a particular time and place, then travel there through hypnosis or self-hypnosis. Morley travels to the New York City of 1882. The novel is notable for Finney's vivid and detailed picture of life in the city at that time. Morley sees many actual historical sites, some now gone (e.g. the post office that, until 1939, stood in what is now the southern tip of City Hall Park) and some still existing (e.g. St. Patrick's Cathedral, then the tallest building in its Fifth Avenue neighborhood).

In 1987, Finney was given the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement at the World Fantasy Convention, held in Nashville, Tennessee.

Finney's story "Such Interesting Neighbors" was made into an episode of the Spielberg-created anthology series Amazing Stories and starred Adam Ant and Marcia Strassman.

In 1995, twenty-five years after Time and Again. Finney published a well-received sequel called From Time to Time featuring the further adventures of Morley, this time centering on Manhattan in 1912. Finney died at the age of 84 not long after finishing the book.

The 1998 television movie The Love Letter. starring Campbell Scott and Jennifer Jason Leigh, is based on Finney's short story of the same name, which appeared in The Saturday Evening Post (1959).

The Third Level. Knox College's science fiction and fantasy publication, is named for Finney's short story and collection.

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Works more �� less
  • "Someone Who Knows Told Me ", Cosmopolitan (Non-Fiction) (December, 1943)
  • "The Widow's Walk", Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine (July, 1947)
  • "Breakfast in Bed", Collier's (May, 1948)
  • "The Little Courtesies", Collier's (June, 1949)
  • "A Dash of Spring", Cosmopolitan (June, 1949)
  • "I Like It This Way", Collier's (June, 1950)
  • "My Cigarette Loves Your Cigarette", Collier's (September, 1950)
  • "Such Interesting Neighbors", Collier's (January, 1951)
  • "One Man Show", Collier's (June, 1951)
  • "I'm Scared", Collier's (September, 1951)
  • "It Wouldn't be Fair", Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine (November, 1951)
  • "Obituary" (co-written with C.J. Durban), Collier's (February, 1952)
  • "Quit Zoomin' Those Hands Through the Air", The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction (December, 1952)
  • 5 Against the House (Novel) (1954)
  • Of Missing Persons (1955)
  • The Body Snatchers (Novel) (1955)
  • "Man of Confidence", Good Housekeeping (September, 1955)
  • "Second Chance", Good Housekeeping (April, 1956)
  • Telephone Roulette: A Comedy in One Act (1956)
  • "Contents of the Dead Man's Pocket", Good Housekeeping (June, 1956)
  • The House of Numbers (1957)
  • The Third Level (1957) (short story collection), in England as The Clock of Time (1958)
  • Assault on a Queen (Novel) (1959)
  • "The Love Letter", Saturday Evening Post (August 1, 1959) [Also re-published in January/February 1988 issue of Saturday Evening Post]
  • "The U-19’s Last Kill", Saturday Evening Post (six-part series, beginning August 22, 1959 and ending September 26, 1959)
  • "The Other Wife" (aka The Coin Collector), Saturday Evening Post (January 30, 1960)
  • "An Old Tune" (aka Home Alone), McCall's (October, 1961)
  • "Old Enough for Love", McCall's (May, 1962)
  • "The Sunny Side of the Street", McCall's (October, 1962)
  • Hey, Look at Me! (1962)
  • Lunch Hour Magic (1962)
  • "Time Has No Boundaries" (aka The Face in the Photo), Saturday Evening Post (October 13, 1962)
  • Where the Cluetts Are (1962)
  • Good Neighbor Sam (1963)
  • I Love Galesburg in the Springtime (1963) (short story collection)
  • This Winter's Hobby: A Play (1966)
  • The Woodrow Wilson Dime (1968)
  • Time and Again (Novel) (1970)
  • Marion's Wall (1973)
  • The Night People (1977)
  • Forgotten News: The Crime of the Century and Other Lost Stories (1983) (Nonfiction)
  • About Time (1986) (short story collection)
  • Three by Finney (1987) (an omnibus edition of The Woodrow Wilson Dime. Marion's Wall. and The Night People )
  • From Time to Time (Novel) (1995)
Films based on Finney's novels and stories
  • 5 Against the House (1955 Phil Karlson film starring Guy Madison, Kim Novak, and Brian Keith)
  • Assault on a Queen (1966 Jack Donohue film based on The U-19's Last Kill starring Frank Sinatra, Virna Lisi, and Anthony Franciosa)
  • Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956)
  • The House of Numbers (1957 Russell Rouse film noir starring Jack Palance)
  • Good Neighbor Sam (1964 David Swift film starring Jack Lemmon, Romy Schneider, and Dorothy Provine)
  • Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978 remake)
  • Maxie (1985 Paul Aaron film starring Glenn Close, Mandy Patinkin, and Ruth Gordon; based on Marion's Wall )
  • Body Snatchers (1993 remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers )
  • The Love Letter (1998 Dan Curtis TV movie starring Campbell Scott, Jennifer Jason Leigh, David Dukes, and Estelle Parsons; based on the story of the same name)
  • The Invasion (2007 remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers )
The 1980 film, Somewhere in Time, was based on a novel by another author, but used the same time travel technique described by Finney in Time and Again and About Time .

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This author page uses material from the Wikipedia article "Jack Finney". which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0




Invasion of the Body Snatchers

Invasion of the Body Snatchers

Celebrate the sixtieth anniversary of one of the earliest science fiction novels by rediscovering Jack Finney’s internationally acclaimed Invasion of the Body Snatchers —which Stephen King calls a story “to be read and savored for its own satisfactions,” now repackaged with a foreword by #1 New York Times bestselling author Dean Koontz.

On a quiet fall evening in the peaceful town of Mill Valley, California, Dr. Miles Bennell discovers an insidious, horrifying plot. Subtly, almost imperceptibly, alien life-forms are taking over the bodies and minds of his neighbors, friends, family, the woman he loves, and the entire world as he knows it.

First published in 1955, this classic science fiction thriller about the ultimate alien invasion and the triumph of the human spirit over an invisible enemy has inspired multiple film adaptations and entertained readers for decades. This repackaged edition features a new cover by Hugo award–winning illustrator, John Picacio and a foreword by New York Times bestselling author, Dean Koontz.

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Invasion of the Body Snatchers by Jack Finney

Invasion of the Body Snatchers

On a quiet fall evening in the small, peaceful town of Mill Valley, California, Dr. Miles Bennell discovered an insidious, horrifying plot. Silently, subtly, almost imperceptibly, alien life-forms were taking over the bodies and minds of hisMore On a quiet fall evening in the small, peaceful town of Mill Valley, California, Dr. Miles Bennell discovered an insidious, horrifying plot. Silently, subtly, almost imperceptibly, alien life-forms were taking over the bodies and minds of his neighbors, his friends, his family, the woman he loved -- the world as he knew it.
First published in 1955, this classic thriller of the ultimate alien invasion and the triumph of the human spirit over an invisible enemy inspired three major motion pictures. Less

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Community Reviews

Stephen rated it it was ok

over 5 years ago

2.5 stars. Now before you think I am about to go all RANTBO on this SF classic, let me say almost mostly partially unequivocally, that I did not DISLIKE this book. I mean I don't recall ever having a meltdown moment like this while reading it:

It’s just that. WAIT. Read full review

Carol rated it really liked it

When my son called last night and asked what I was doing, I told him I had just finished reading Invasion of the Body Snatchers and was thinking of going down the basement to look for seed pods. (he cracked up)

I think everyone pretty much knows this story, and oh what.

Char rated it it was amazing

about 1 year ago

An excellent story and this narrator, Kristoffer Tabori did it justice.

Joe Valdez rated it really liked it

almost 2 years ago

Invasion of the Body Snatchers landed in the bi-weekly fiction magazine Collier's. which published Jack Finney's story as a three-part serial over consecutive issues beginning in November 1954. Finney had already seen thirty of his short stories run in Good Housekeeping o. Read full review

Jim rated it really liked it

about 2 years ago

This is a real blast from the past & held up very well over the years. Sure, there are a few real liberties taken with science, but the doctor making house calls was more jarring to me. That was pretty much gone by the 1970's when this futuristic story was to take pla. Read full review

Dirk Grobbelaar rated it it was amazing

over 4 years ago

A pretty sinister book, this, containing some really creepy moments. It also happens to be written quite well, so, it goes without saying that I enjoyed it. Another forerunner of modern horror, The Body Snatchers. along with I Am Legend. pretty much set the stage for mode. Read full review

Ben Winch rated it liked it

about 1 year ago

I love this story. In neither film nor book version is it perfect, but there's the kernel of something here that seems to me a modern archetype - something like Camus's The Plague but with the added intrigue that the plague in question is - or almost is - invisible. Add t. Read full review

Lori rated it really liked it

Read 10/23/14
4 Stars - Strongly Recommended for the campy fun of it
Pages: 216
Publisher: Touchstone
Released: originally published in 1955

The other night, I was standing in front of my bookshelves looking for a quick read to curl up with. Something seasonally appropriate th. Read full review

The Behrg rated it really liked it

about 1 year ago

“If we believe that we are just animals, without immortal souls, we are already but one step removed from pod people.”
― Jack Finney, Invasion of the Body Snatchers

Invasion of the Body Snatchers was one of the first "scary" films I can remember seeing in my youth. It's al. Read full review

David rated it liked it

Recommends it for: Small-town Californians, divorced psychologists, pod people

Another one of those classic novels that inspired multiple cult-classic films, but have rarely been read by the people who saw the movie(s).

Invasion of the Body Snatchers is a classic "B" movie, and this book is a classic "B" novel. I was not blown away by it, but it's a. Read full review



Книга: Jesse Russell

Charles Albert Russell
Mary Louise Russell

Jesse Eugene Russell (b April 26, 1948) is an African-American inventor and one of the visionaries’ whose innovative perspectives profoundly influenced the wireless communications industry, the driver of growth in 21st century. Trained as an electrical engineer at Tennessee State University and Stanford University, and recognized globally as a thought-leader, technology expert and inventor in the field of wireless communication for over 20 years, Russell has played a major role in shaping the wireless communications industry direction through his visionary leadership and innovative perspectives for standards, technologies as well as innovative new wireless service concepts.

He holds numerous patents and continues to invent and innovate in the emerging area of next generation broadband wireless networks, technologies and services, which is frequently referred to as 4G. Russell was inducted into the United States’ National Academy of Engineering during the Clinton Administration for his innovative contribution to the field of Wireless Communication. He pioneered the field of digital cellular communication in the 80s through the use of high power linear amplification and low bit rate voice encoding technologies and received a patent in 1992 (US patent # 5,084,869) for his work in the area of digital cellular base station design.

Russell is currently Chairman and CEO of incNETWORKS,Inc. a New Jersey, USA based Broadband Wireless Communications Company focused on 4th Generation (4G ) Broadband Wireless Communications Technologies, Networks and Services.

Contents Early life and education

Jesse Eugene Russell was born April 26, 1948 in Hickville, Tennessee in the United States of America into a large African-American family with eight brothers and two sisters. He is the son of Charles Albert Russell and Mary Louise Russell. His early childhood was spent in economically and socially challenged neighborhoods within the inner-city of Nashville. During his early years, he focused on athletics and not academics. A key turning point in Russell’s life was the opportunity to attend a summer educational program at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee. Russell participated in this educational opportunity and began his academic and intellectual pursuits. Russell continued his education at Tennessee State University Tennessee State University where he focused on electrical engineering. A Bachelor of Science Degree (BSEE) in Electrical Engineering was conferred in 1972 from Tennessee State University. As a top honor student in the School of Engineering, Russell became the first African American to be hired directly from a Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) by AT&T Bell Laboratories and subsequently became the first African-American in the United States to be selected as the Eta Kappa Nu Outstanding Young Electrical Engineer of the Year in 1980. Russell continued his academic pursuits and obtained his Master of Electrical Engineering (MSEE) degree from Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, in 1973.

Innovations & Patents

Russell’s innovations in wireless communication systems, architectures and technology related to radio access networks, end user devices and in-building wireless communication systems has fundamentally changed the wireless communication industry. Known for his patented invention of the digital cellular base station, that enabled new digital services for cellular mobile users, Russell continues to innovate in the emerging next generation broadband wireless communication technologies, products, networks, and services as well as “Mobile Cloud Computing” which are shaping the forefront of the 4G Communication Industry.

Over 100 patents granted or in process, thirty years of experience in Research and Development at prominent institutions, and pioneering technologies such as the invention of the first digital cellular base station and fiber optic microcell utilizing high power linear amplifier technology and digital modulation techniques, which laid the foundation for the digital cellular evolution, digital cellular standards, personal communications networks as well as the emergence of “Mobile Cloud Computing” within 4G broadband wireless networks. These are only some of the inventions that have forged new directions for the wireless communication industry. Listed below are a few significant patents.

Base station for mobile radio telecommunications systems

Professional Accomplishments

Jesse is currently building the first Broadband Wireless Communications Network focused on 4th Generation Hybrid Fiber-Wireless Communications Networks and Technologies that is fully compliant with International Telecommunications Union (ITU) standards. Russell continues to innovate and invent new wireless communications technology solutions as the Chief Executive Officer of incNETWORKS which designs, sells, and manages privately owned broadband wireless communications’ equipment and networks for emerging broadband cellular applications based on Software Defined Radio and Cognitive Radio techniques. Offering broadband wireless communications solutions to small and mid-size business customers, incNETWORKS is one of the emerging technology leaders in the development of MicroLTE product platforms for 4G.

Russell joined Bell Labs as a Member of the Technical Staff. He was one of the first designers to embrace the use of microprocessor in the design of equipment for use in the telecommunication network for monitoring and tracking calling patterns within the Bell System Network. The system was referred to as the traffic data collection systems, which using a microprocessor-based portable data terminals for interfacing to electro-mechanical switching systems.

Russell's career, and knowledge in wireless technology and standards advanced, while he served in numerous positions; Director of the AT&T Cellular Telecommunication Laboratory (Bell Labs), Vice President of Advanced Wireless Technology Laboratory (Bell Labs), Chief Technical Officer for the Network Wireless Systems Business Unit (Bell Labs), Chief Wireless Architect of AT&T, and Vice President of Advanced Communications Technologies for AT&T Laboratories (formerly a part of Bell Labs).

As the Director of the AT&T Cellular Telecommunication Laboratory (Bell Labs), this Bell Labs Group formally managed by Russell is credited with the invention of cellular radio technology and received the United States' Medal of Technology for the invention.

Russell continued to develop his expertise as he established and lead an Innovation Center focused on Applied Research in Advanced Communication Technologies that enabling AT&T to extend its existing portfolio of services and expand into new businesses and markets. As a key decision maker in the selection and development of emerging communications technologies, Russell’s efforts lead to the rapid realization of new access network platforms that enable AT&T to expand it’s broadband communication network options (i.e. Specialization: Cable Access Networks, DSL Access Networks, Power-line Carrier Access Networks, Fixed Wireless Access Networks, Satellite Access Networks and Broadband Wireless Communications Networks). The applications of these access technologies were one of the keys in expanding AT&T's interest in re-building it local access services business.

  1. Elected as IEC Fellow for contributions in the development of Broadband Communications Access Technologies into the International Engineering Consortium (IEC), 1999
  2. Inductee into the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) for the development of and contributions to digital cellular communications, 1995
  3. Elected to IEEE Fellow grade for technical leadership in the development of digital wireless communication concepts, technology, systems and standards, 1994
  4. US Black Engineer of the Year for best Technical Contributions in Digital Cellular and Microcellular Technology, 1992, US Black Engineer Magazine
  5. America's New Leadership Class Award 1985, Esquire Magazine
  6. Outstanding Service Award 1983, Eta Kappa Nu
  7. Outstanding Scientist Award 1982, National Society of Black Engineers
  8. Eta Kappa Nu Outstanding Young Electrical Engineer of the Year, 1980
  9. Scientist of the Year Award 1980, National Technical Associations Inc
Professional Memberships & Affiliations
  1. Board of Directors Advisor. Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA)
  2. Board of Governors. IEEE Vehicular Technology Society
  3. Chairman of the Board. Electromagnetic Energy Association (EEA, Third term)
  4. Chairman. Mobile & Personal Communications Division of TIA
  5. Chairman. Telecommunication Industry Association (TIA) -Wireless Communication Standards Organization
  6. Fellow memberof the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc (IEEE)
  7. Fellow memberof the International Engineering Consortium (IEC)
  8. Inducted Memberof the National Academy of Engineering
  9. Memberof the Technological Advisory Council (TAC), U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
  10. Memberof Eta Kappa Nu Honor Society
  11. Memberof International Regulatory and Standards Committee on Third Generation Wireless Communications Systems
  12. Memberof the Congressional Subcommittee on Technology Member, National Academy of Engineering (NAE), Electronic Engineering Section and Computer Science & Engineering Section
  13. Memberof the Information & Technology Council of the American Management Association
  14. Memberof the National Academy of Engineering
  15. MemberPhi Kappa Phi Honor Society
  16. MemberTau Beta Pi Honor Society
  17. Past Chairman. Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) Cellular Radio and Common Carrier Section (1987–1992)
  18. Technical Program Chairman. 38th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Philadelphia
  19. Technical Program Chairman. 43rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Secaucus
  20. Testifiedbefore Judge Green on Bell System Divesture
  • Universal Personal Communications: Emergence of a Paradigm Shift in the Communications Industry, International J. of Wireless information Networks, Vol.1, No. 3, 1994. This paper examines a major paradigm shift in the communications industry across four dimensions, analyzes the factors influencing the shift, articulates a vision of universal personal communications under the new paradigm and presents several service environment and transmission hierarchy models supporting the vision.
  • The US Evolution towards Personal Communications in the '90s, (with A. T. Kripalani), Proc. Pan European Digital Cellular Radio Conference, Rome, Italy, 1990. This paper proposes and describes a set of strategic technology platforms to assist the migration of the existing US cellular network to an all digital personal communications network. Web Link
  • "AT&T Next Generation Digital Cellular Base Station Technology", (with R. W. Henn and R. S. Kerby), Proc. International Switching Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden, 1990. This paper describes the first all digital cellular base station system utilizing linear radio technology to support multiple radio air interface methods such as FDMA, TDMA and CDMA in a single system. Web Link
  • "Design of Mobile Satellite System Architecture as an Integral Part of the Cellular Access Digital Network", (with E.S.K. Chien and J. A. Marinho), Proc. the Mobile Satellite Conference, Pasadena, 1988. This paper provides an overview of the interoperability aspects between digital cellular access networks and mobile satellite systems. Web Link
  • "Emerging Cellular Access Digital Network", (with E.S.K. Chien and D. J. Goodman), Proc. World Telecommunication Forum, Americas Telecom, '88, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1988. This paper describes the characteristics of an all digital cellular access network that supports integrated voice and data services (cellular ISDN). It is an expansion of the concepts put forth in publication 11 below. Web Link
  • "Evolution Toward Digital Cellular Network in the U.S.", (with E.S.K. Chien), Proc. 1988 Pan European Cellular Radio Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1988. This paper provides a vision for the migration of the existing US cellular network towards an all digital wireless access network. Web Link
  • "A Systems Approach to Indoor Wireless Communication", (with E.S.K. Chien and D. J. Goodman), Proc. GLOBECOM '87, Tokyo, Japan, 1987. This paper describes an approach to in-building wireless communication and examines the interoperability with cellular mobile communication.
  • "Cellular Access Digital Network (CADN) Wireless Access to Networks of the Future", (with E.S.K. Chien and D. J. Goodman), IEEE Communications Magazine, June 1987. This paper describes a scenario for the evolution of a digital cellular access network towards providing personalized wireless voice and data communication services.
  • "Network Foundation for Providing Personal Communications", Proc. Digital Mobile Workshop on Personal Communications, Melbourne, Australia, 1987. This paper puts forth some original concepts, such as personal telephone numbers, logical network addressing and universal wireless access service protocols related to personal communications. Web Link
  • "Cellular ISDN: New Interface for Wireless Access", (with E.S.K. Chien), Proc. International Conference on Communication Technology, Nanjing, China, 1987. This paper describes the benefits of mobile communications as an effective means to modernize the telecommunications infrastructure for China.
  • "Cellular Access Digital Network", (with E.S.K. Chien), Proc. International Telecommunications Symposium, Taipei, Taiwan, 1987. This paper describes cellular integrated voice and data services access network (cellular ISDN) as a complement to the wire line ISDN.
  • "Extension of ISDN Capability to Cellular Wireless Access", (with E.S.K. Chien and D. J. Goodman), Proc. Second Nordic Seminar on Digital Land Mobile Radio Communications, Stockholm, Sweden, 1986. This paper describes the original concept of an integrated voice and data services cellular access network (cellular ISDN) and establishes the important role of intelligent network in the cellular context.
Major Addresses
  • Keynote Speaker. Excellence Through Education and Achievement 2008. Missouri Legislative Black Conference Foundation, St. Louis, Missouri
  • "Migration to Broadband IP Based Wireless and Wired Networks-May 2006" Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC) Mr. Jesse E. Russell, VP, Advanced Communications Technologies, AT&T Labs
  • SuperComm99-Chairman.. SuperComm99 Plenary Session, Atlanta, GA – 1999. Where is the Network Headed? Panelist on the Convergence of Global Voice and Data Networks, Wired & Wireless Networks, and Global Wireless IP Networking.
  • Keynote Address. Rural Telecommunications Association, Arizona/Mexico Telecommunications Conference – 1995. This address introduced the vision of wireless communications as a key to the revitalization of local access within the US and its use to provide connectivity from rural communities to the national information Infrastructure.
  • Keynote Address. National Communications Forum – 1995. Expanded on the evolutionary trends in wireless communications and presented a visionary projection of them in reshaping the local access aspects of future telecommunications in the US.
  • Keynote Address. European Commission, Spain – 1995. Discussing the emergence of breakthrough communications technologies such as digital radio processing, power-line communications, satellite communications and free space optics and projecting their impact in revitalizing the global telecommunications industry through the expansion of markets and services.
References Categories:
  • African-American inventors
  • People from Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1948 births
  • American Electrical Engineers
  • American Inventors
  • American People of African Descent
  • Electrical Engineers
  • Federal Communications Committee Technical Advisory Committee
  • Fellow Members of the IEEE
  • Fiber-Optic Communications
  • IEC Fellow
  • IEEE Fellow
  • Innovation Organizations
  • Mobile Technology
  • National Academy of Engineering (NAE)
  • People from Piscataway, New Jersey
  • Scientists at Bell Labs
  • Stanford University Alumni
  • Tennessee State University Alumni
  • Wireless Access Points
  • Wireless Network Organizations
  • Wireless Standards
  • Wireless Technology People
  • Living people

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